MasterCard Faces U.K. Class Action Over Card Processing Fees

  • EU court ruled in 2014 that interchange fees were unfair
  • MasterCard says its electronic payments deliver real value

Consumers in the U.K. are preparing a 19 billion-pound ($24.5 billion) class action lawsuit against MasterCard Inc., almost two years after a European Union court ruled the processing fees the company had charged for cross-border transactions were unfair.

Walter Merricks, a lawyer who once led the U.K. organization that handles consumer disputes with banks, has hired Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan LLP to draft a lawsuit they plan to file by September, he said in a statement Wednesday. The claim would be the U.K.’s biggest and one of the first filed under the Consumer Rights Act 2015.

MasterCard has faced numerous lawsuits since EU courts said the company’s fees for cross-border payments unfairly restricted competition. The firm had said that a cap imposed by the European Commission on what it charged retailers to process transactions on foreign cards would shift the burden onto consumers, an argument the Court of Justice rejected. The underlying antitrust investigation into the fees is ongoing and the company said in October that it risks “substantial” fines in the matter.

“The prices of everything we all bought from 1992 to 2008 were higher than they should have been as a result of the unlawful conduct of MasterCard,” Merricks, who is the lead claimant, said in the statement. “My aim is to get the redress to which U.K. consumers are entitled and to ensure that MasterCard cannot hold on to the illegal profits."

Real Value

MasterCard disputed Merricks’s claim, saying in a statement that “electronic payments deliver real value to people online, in-store and everywhere.”

It’s too early to determine potential losses for MasterCard, Keefe, Bruyette & Woods analyst Sanjay Sakhrani said in a report to clients Wednesday, noting the payments firm generates about $4 billion a year in cash. “As with most litigation, we expect this to be a drawn-out process, which is ultimately likely to create some level of overhang,” he wrote.

MasterCard fell 1.8 percent to $86.70 at 10:18 a.m. in New York, among the worst performers in the S&P 500 Information Technology Index. The stock has dropped 11 percent this year, compared with a 2.2 percent slide for the 68-company index.

The EU court ruling spurred at least 12 lawsuits in the U.K. by retailers including the Topshop clothing chain’s owner, J Sainsbury Plc, Wal-Mart Stores Inc.’s Asda unit and William Morrison Supermarkets Plc. 

Consumer Payouts

The company has fought back, denying it violated competition law by charging buyers excessive processing fees. MasterCard has also argued that stores can’t claim damages since they passed losses on to customers. The suits are ongoing.

Merricks, who was head of the Financial Ombudsman Service, alleges MasterCard’s actions are responsible for about 19 billion pounds in damage, according to the statement. That could add up to hundreds of pounds for each consumer. The Consumer Rights Act rules mean all customers who lost out will automatically become part of the claim.

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