• Seniors cashing out as Vancouver home prices soar to record
  • Migration is pushing up real estate in retirement cities

Jonathan Baker is the first to admit he shouldn’t be complaining about foreign investors driving up prices in Vancouver’s red-hot housing market. They helped the retired lawyer pocket millions.

Baker and his wife sold their five-bedroom home for C$3 million ($2.2 million) in December, a 100-fold gain from their purchase price in 1970. The house went for C$300,000 over asking after an offshore investor bid up the price and was later flipped several times to other buyers. Now the home sits empty in Vancouver’s Dunbar neighborhood, the telltale sign of a buyer who lives abroad, he says.

Jonathan Baker home which he recently sold for C$3 million.
Jonathan Baker home which he recently sold for C$3 million.
Photographer: Keith Stride/Macdonald Realty

"You can’t be too critical when you’ve benefited from it," Baker, 78, said by phone from his 4,200-square-foot, C$1.5 million seaside home in Sechelt, British Columbia, bought using proceeds from his Vancouver sale. "But the city has become a commodity. One group like myself has bought early, we were lucky. But we no longer knew our neighbors. It’s empty."

Baker’s generation is cashing out as an influx of foreign demand pushes up the average detached home price in Vancouver to a heady C$1.8 million. They’re taking the profit and injecting it elsewhere, exporting higher prices to retirement enclaves across the Canadian province. That’s pushing up sales and price growth in these small towns beyond even Vancouver’s torrid pace.

Seniors Haven

"All these prices are crazy -- it really is crazy," Baker said. "I can’t imagine this thing continuing." That’s why he sold last year, fearing a rapid price drop if offshore demand dries up.

Jonathan Baker’s home in Sechelt.
Jonathan Baker’s home in Sechelt.
Photographer: John McKenzie/Royal LePage Sussex

Seniors are moving from Canada’s third-biggest city at a record pace, with 2,322 people over the age of 65 leaving the city for other parts of B.C. in 2014, tying with the prior year as a record high, according to preliminary data from Statistics Canada. That’s coincided with a jump in home sales and prices where they typically settle.

The dynamic is also seen in Canada’s number one retirement hub: Qualicum Beach, the town of about 10,000 people on Vancouver Island. Half the residents are over 65, the highest proportion of any city in the country, according to Statistics Canada. Home sales in that area and nearby Parksville, the No. 2 retirement haven, almost doubled to 63 transactions in January from the year ago period, and the average price of a home is up 24 percent to C$444,856 over that time.

Baker’s home is in Sechelt, the fastest-growing retirement community in Canada according to Statistics Canada. The inflow of residents aged 65-plus increased 7 percent in the last five years, the most of any municipality in the country, bringing that aging population to over a third of its 10,000 residents.

Bidding Wars

The quiet town now faces big-city housing issues: construction, bidding wars, and never-before-seen prices and sales. Prices jumped 42 percent to a record C$510,839 in January from the prior year, according to MLS data compiled by Gary Little, a realtor who’s been selling real estate along the Sunshine Coast of Vancouver Island for a decade. Sechelt broke sales records last month, with 99 residential sales in February, the highest ever for that month and the second highest on record after 117 in June, the data show.

Jonathan Baker and family stand by their recently sold home in the Dunbar neighborhood of Vancouver circa 1985.
Jonathan Baker and family stand by their recently sold home in the Dunbar neighborhood of Vancouver circa 1985.
Source: Jonathan Baker

Activity in Qualicum Beach and Sechelt has been so frothy it surpassed Vancouver, where sales rose 32 percent in January from last year and the benchmark price of a single-family home like Baker’s is up 26 percent in the same period. In the last five years, the average price for a detached Vancouver home has nearly tripled to C$1.8 million in February, with data released Wednesday showing a record sales pace for the month as transactions jumped 36 percent to 4,172 deals.

Sunshine Coast

"It’s just been startling," said Little. "People are coming in from the lower mainland area and they do have money. They are cashing out there." There are also more Vancouver agents coming into town with moneyed clients, snapping up properties, land parcels and buying homes over the asking price, he said.

The sky-high home costs in Vancouver have a downside -- some retirees can’t afford another roof over their head in the city after selling.

"I can’t afford to stay here anymore," said Linda MacAdam, a 69-year-old who recently sold her century-old Vancouver home with an unfinished basement and second story for C$2.7 million. Buying another home in the city, plus the higher living and travel expenses would consume that windfall quickly. “Retirees are depending on this wealth from their houses as retirement income, but this extreme wealth has only happened in the last three years."

She’s now looking for a home in Victoria, something private, close to theaters where she plans to treat friends with show tickets, and near the water so it’s easier for her to sail.

"It’s just a fluke," MacAdam said, in the midst of preparing for a weekend trip to a nearby island with friends. "I’m never going to use all that money."

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