It's Gordhan Versus Zuma in `Game of Chicken' Over Treasury

  • Finance minister says tax chief's actions `unacceptable'
  • Gordhan likely to lose: University of Cape Town's Schrire

South African Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan’s criticism of the nation’s tax agency chief, who’s supported by President Jacob Zuma, is the latest blow in a deepening power struggle over control of the National Treasury.

Gordhan said on Friday that Tom Moyane, the South African Revenue Service (SARS) commissioner Zuma appointed in 2014, showed “totally unacceptable” behavior by defying orders to halt a management and systems overhaul. He threatened to resign after Zuma told him that Moyane should keep his post, Johannesburg’s Business Day newspaper reported, citing unidentified government sources. Zuma’s spokesman Bongani Majola issued a statement expressing “full confidence” in Gordhan.

“I think Mr. Moyane is a sideshow,” Jannie Rossouw, head of the University of the Witwatersrand’s school of economic and business sciences in Johannesburg, said by phone. “This is a power battle over the ministry of finance. All this is at the expense of stability in the country.’’

Widely respected among investors, Gordhan also enjoys some support from opposition parties and the African National Congress, with the ruling party Friday expressing “full confidence” in him and his efforts to restore faith in Africa’s second-biggest economy. Yet he would probably lose any final showdown with Zuma, according to Robert Schrire, a politics professor at the University of Cape Town.

Gordhan ‘Expendable’

“Gordhan is very expendable politically, he exercises delegated power,” Schrire said by phone. “He unfortunately does not have a political base. From a global and economic point of view, his departure would do enormous damage.”

The rand slumped as much as 3.9 percent on Friday and was at 16.2012 per dollar as of 6:37 p.m, the biggest decline on a closing basis in more than four years. The yield on rand-denominated government bonds due December 2026 rose 19 basis points to 9.44 percent, the highest in almost a month.

Zuma reappointed Gordhan as finance minister, a post he had held from 2009 to 2014, in December after his decision to replace little-known lawmaker David van Rooyen sparked a selloff in the rand and the nation’s bonds. Two days before Gordhan presented his budget on Wednesday, Zuma described Van Rooyen as the most qualified finance minister his administration has had, a comment that Schrire said meant that the president “insulted him grossly.”

Gordhan slammed the appointment on Friday, saying the independence of the institution was called into question.

‘Fiscal Sovereignty’

“It’s been said that Treasury was almost taken over in December,” Gordhan said in a panel discussion in Johannesburg. “All of us need to speak with one voice to say: ‘We are not going to allow this to happen. In as much as we don’t want to sacrifice our fiscal sovereignty, we also don’t want to sacrifice our political sovereignty whether it’s from the inside or the outside.”

South African assets need higher premiums to accounts for the volatility and risk caused by these political events, Peter Attard Montalto, an economist at Nomura Plc in London, said in an e-mailed note on Friday.

“We think the test is if Pravin Gordhan can ‘win’ and actually implement the reforms he is seeking,” Montalto said. “The question is does he have the political capital to take on these forces of ‘state capture’, as it is termed? The SARS case is just the first.”


Special Investigators

The Revenue Service has been rocked by a spate of resignations since Moyane took office and local newspapers reported on a range of allegations of wrongdoing by executives who served during Gordhan’s tenure as commissioner of the authority between 1999 and 2009. A special investigations unit of the South African Police Service wrote to Gordhan to find out what he knew about an alleged rogue unit within the tax agency that spied on political leaders, including Zuma, Business Day said.

The letter by the police unit “is an attempt by some individuals who have no interest in South Africa, its future, its economic prospects and the welfare of its people,” Gordhan said in an e-mailed statement on Friday. “If necessary, I will take appropriate legal action to protect myself and the National Treasury from whatever elements seeking to discredit me, the institution and it integrity.”

Public Comments

Gordhan said he will make no more public comments about rumors concerning the Revenue Service.

Moyane was absent from a press conference in Cape Town on Feb. 24 before Gordhan presented the budget in parliament, an event the tax office head usually attends.

The public will know “in a couple of weeks” how the issues at the revenue service will be resolved, Gordhan said. Asked if he had the political backing he needed to do his job, the minister responded: “If you see me sitting here in October, then I do have political support. If you don’t see me here in October....That how life works, isn’t it?”

The Revenue Service declined to comment in an e-mailed response to questions.

“It seems Mr. Zuma does not care about the impact on the economy,” said the University of Witwatersrand’s Rossouw. “The ministry of finance can’t become a game of chicken. That is what it is becoming now.’’

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