Saudis Unbowed by Oil Crash With No Spending Cut Before IPO

Oil Drops As Saudis Plan to Maintain Spending
  • State-Run Aramco Not Cutting Investment in Oil, Gas Projects
  • Aramco Chief Sees IPO as Sign of Confidence in Saudi Business

The world’s biggest oil producer is spending as much now as it did before the crash in crude prices, signaling no surrender in Saudi Arabia’s battle with rivals.

Saudi Arabian Oil Co. is maintaining investment in oil and natural gas projects and has formulated a new strategy in response to cheaper crude as it studies options to sell shares in its parent company and downstream refining and chemical operations, Chairman Khalid Al-Falih said at a conference in Riyadh. The state-run producer, known as Saudi Aramco, can sustain low oil prices for “a long, long time,” he told reporters. 

Khalid al-Falih speaks in Riyadh.
Khalid al-Falih speaks in Riyadh.
Photographer: Fayez Nureldine/AFP via Getty Images

“Saudi Arabia is well-documented to be the clear lowest-cost producer -- we have scale, capabilities, and technology to help us maintain our low cost as we go forward,” he said Monday. “I’ve continued to encourage fiscal discipline in my role as chairman of Aramco. In our investments capacity, oil and gas has not slowed down.”

Lowest-Cost Producer

Aramco, which supplies all of Saudi Arabia’s crude oil, pumped more than 10 million barrels a day in each of the last 10 months as it sought to assert its role as as the world’s lowest-cost producer. The company’s output was 10.25 million barrels a day in December, adding to a global supply glut that pushed benchmark Brent crude prices down 35 percent last year and a further 14 percent this month. Aramco is studying a possible share sale as the country looks into privatizing companies in all industries amid financial pressure caused by tumbling crude.

The company is considering two tracks for an IPO, a sign of confidence in the kingdom’s enterprises, Al-Falih said. One is to bring together “a significant downstream portfolio of Saudi Aramco involving refining, chemical and marketing businesses and offer these in a big bundle that is going to be a significant addition to the local Tadawul stock market,” he said. 

“Another option, which would be the first time in the history of Saudi Arabia, is to actually offer an appropriate percentage of the company at the top, which is everything we do,” Al-Falih said. “There are of course commercial, legal and sovereignty issues that have to be studied, not only within the company and its boardroom but also with the decision makers of Saudi Arabia.”

Crude Reserves

The company won’t offer shares in its crude reserves, which belong to the state, he said Sunday in an interview on Al Arabiya television. Saudi Arabia holds 267 billion barrels of proven crude reserves, the world’s second-largest after those of Venezuela, according to data from BP Plc.

Aramco sees demand for crude growing, Al-Falih said. The company isn’t responsible for current low crude prices and is hoping for a “moderation” in price levels, he said.

Brent has fallen from its recent peak of $115.06 a barrel in 2014. The contract for March settlement lost as much as 2.4 percent on Tuesday to $29.76 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange and was at $29.77 at 1:22 p.m. Hong Kong time. 

Oil at $110 was unsustainable, Al-Falih said.

“Demand will grow as it already started in 2015, and there will be a period not far into the future where demand catches up with supply and inventories are worked out of the system, and we will be back at where we were before,” he said.

Until that happens, Al-Falih said, “Saudi Arabia can sustain low oil prices for a long, long time.”

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