- Mexico's domestic auto sales advance to a record in 2015
- Packed showrooms signal improving economy, JPMorgan says
In Mexico’s red-hot domestic auto market, even embattled Volkswagen AG is doing well.
While the German carmaker’s annual sales were set to decline worldwide for the first time in 11 years after it admitted to cheating on emissions tests, they gained more than 10 percent in Mexico through November. It would be difficult for the brand to do poorly, said Mexico’s dealers association, when the local auto sector expanded almost 20 percent in 2015, beating estimates and records.
Customers are flooding Mexican showrooms so quickly that they’ve helped automakers take up slack from a recent lull in exports. Mexico’s maturation from being a mere producer into a country with robust internal demand also suggests that the economy is gaining strength after a third straight year in which gross domestic product growth is forecast to expand by no more than 2.5 percent.
“When you buy a new car, you do so on the grounds of a more certain economic and labor outlook,” said Gabriel Lozano, JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s chief Mexico economist. “It reflects a growing local market and in the end, an improvement in purchasing power.”
Demand for cars in Mexico is getting a boost from record-low inflation, cheaper credit and the government’s crackdown on illegal used-car imports, according to industry reports.
Carmakers are adjusting to the brighter outlook. Mazda Motor Corp. is boosting production for Mexico to meet the rising demand in Latin America’s second-biggest economy, Keishi Egawa, chief executive officer of the Japanese producer’s local unit, said in a telephone interview.
"We definitely want to produce more than in 2015," Egawa said. The company’s plant in Salamanca built more than 200,000 vehicles last year, he said.
In addition, when companies such as Honda Motor Co. couldn’t export some Made-in-Mexico cars to struggling economies in 2015 due to low demand, they chose to sell them to flush Mexicans, Guillermo Rosales, executive director of the dealers association, known as AMDA, said in an interview. Several factories have modified production plans for this year to account for more sales in Mexico, he said.
VW declined to comment on Mexico’s sales figures and triggers for lower sales worldwide. Honda didn’t return voice and e-mail messages requesting comment.
Mexican shoppers bought 1.19 million cars and light trucks during the first 11 months of the year, AMDA said last month. That was enough to break the previous full-year record of 1.14 million, which was set in 2006. December’s sales figures haven’t been released yet.
In the latest monthly auto report, Mexican production climbed 4 percent while exports fell 5.9 percent after shipments to Brazil and China floundered.
In that same November report, Volkswagen sales climbed 13 percent. That compares with a 25 percent drop in the U.S. after the Wolfsburg, Germany-based automaker stopped selling diesel-powered cars following reports it used software to cheat on U.S. emissions tests.
One analyst, however, said Mexico may become a victim of its own success. The boom in local sales is increasing infrastructure bottlenecks at highways, rails and ports, and those snags are already weighing on exports, said Armando Soto, president of Kaso & Asociados, a Mexico City-based auto industry consultant. While Mexico’s light vehicle sales have soared, they’ve also done so in the U.S., by 5.6 percent last year through November.
In addition to a rallying domestic sector, VW is being helped in Mexico by brand loyalty, Rosales said. The company has sold cars in the nation for half a century. It began building the iconic Beetle in 1967 in Puebla in what’s become the biggest standalone plant making VW brand cars outside Germany.
“For generations, families at one time or another have owned a Volkswagen and have a first impression of the brand,” Rosales said. “They say ‘It’s never conked out on me, it’s a car I can trust.’ The scandal doesn’t have the same impact it’s had in other markets.”