Germany’s Social Democrats took the first step toward a coalition with Chancellor Angela Merkel, voting to open talks on joining her next government five days after she won national elections.
A national meeting of 200 SPD delegates backed a party leadership proposal to start exploratory talks with Merkel’s Christian Democrats, party head Sigmar Gabriel said late yesterday after about four hours of negotiations in Berlin. Five delegates voted against talks and three abstained, he said.
“The SPD is ready to engage in talks,” Gabriel said. “Mrs. Merkel won this election and we didn’t achieve our desired result.” Still, the SPD “is going into these talks full of self-confidence.” The starting date will be set later, he said.
Coalition building after Merkel’s Sept. 22 election victory is looking harder than is usual in Germany after her respective partners in her first and second terms were each eclipsed by the chancellor and went on to suffer their worst electoral defeats since World War II. That makes the Social Democrats, with whom she governed from 2005 to 2009, reticent about entering a repeat of their so-called grand coalition.
Gabriel, who was Merkel’s environment minister during her first term, said domestic policies such as the labor market, wages and education would be SPD priorities in any formal coalition talks. Peer Steinbrueck, the SPD’s chancellor candidate, will take part in the initial negotiations, he said.
Party members will be consulted along the way, he said. Opening formal coalition talks will require another vote by the 200-member body and any coalition contract will be put to a broader membership ballot, Gabriel said. The SPD has “no fear” of going into opposition or facing new elections, he said.
The “vocal rejection” among some SPD quarters has already prompted Merkel’s Christian Democratic bloc to offer some concessions on taxes and minimum wages, Carsten Nickel, an analyst with Teneo Intelligence, said Sept. 26 in a note. “Contrary to the noise about potential SPD resistance, a CDU-Greens coalition or even early elections, a grand coalition will likely be in place before the end of November.”
SPD members would be balloted at the end of any coalition negotiations in time for the party convention which is due to take place in Leipzig on Nov. 14-16, Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported yesterday. There is resistance to a grand coalition among many regional SPD associations, the newspaper said.
The party is divided over which policies from the SPD’s program to give priority to in any coalition talks with Merkel’s Christian Democratic bloc, three lawmakers, who spoke on condition of anonymity because the deliberations are private, said before the meeting.
Tax increases at the top end of the income scale, a universal national minimum wage and caps on rent increases were among the areas being considered, the lawmakers said. Some factions are intent on demanding the Finance Ministry as the price of a coalition, and others favor the Labor Ministry, they said.
A majority of Germans favor a grand coalition, an FG Wahlen poll conducted after the election, on Sept. 24-26, showed yesterday. The poll of 1,293 voters for ZDF television found that 58 percent said they would like to see the two main parties form an alliance compared to 25 percent who said it was a bad prospect, while 14 percent said it was all the same to them.
Thirty-two percent said they favored Merkel’s other option, a coalition with the Greens, with 43 saying they were against such a government constellation and 22 percent with no opinion.