Michigan has 25 percent of U.S. jobs related to “clean” car technology, the most of any state, a report by the United Auto Workers union and two environmental groups said.
The state where General Motors Co. (GM), Ford Motor Co. (F) and Chrysler Group LLC are based has 38,067 of the 151,168 U.S. workers who make products that increase fuel efficiency or reduce emissions, according to a study released by the UAW, the Natural Resources Defense Council and the National Wildlife Federation. Ohio is second with 13,753 such jobs.
Michigan also has 97 of the 504 U.S. facilities that create “clean” vehicle technology, the study said. California follows with 79. Seven states have none.
The report also advocated tightened rules for fuel economy and emissions. Automakers agreed last month to double the fuel economy of the vehicles they sell in the U.S. to a fleetwide average of 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. The administration of President Barack Obama had considered a 56.2 mpg requirement, up from a fleetwide average of 27 mpg today for cars and light trucks.
Stronger fuel economy and emissions standards would “put automotive engineers and production workers on the job” and “provide the certainty necessary to foster automotive supplier and automaker investment,” the report said.
The U.S. Energy Department’s $25 billion Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing program is considering a loan application from Chrysler, which is majority owned by Fiat SpA (F), to make fuel-efficient vehicles. The program has provided such loans for Ford, Nissan Motor Co. and Tesla Motors Inc. (TSLA), a Palo Alto, California-based electric-car maker.
Work on internal-combustion vehicles employs 37 percent of the “clean” car jobs, the report said. Producers of components such as wiring and start-stop systems, provide 28 percent of the jobs. Makers of electric, hybrid and alternative-fuel engines hired the rest, the report said.
GM is based in Detroit while Ford is based in Dearborn and Chrysler in Auburn Hills. Fiat is based in Turin, Italy.
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