Japan’s Industrial Output Gains Most in 11 Months

Japan’s industrial production increased the most in 11 months in December, boosted by overseas demand that’s spurring the nation’s recovery.

Factory output climbed 3.1 percent from November, when it rose 1 percent, the Trade Ministry said in Tokyo today. The median estimate of 29 economists surveyed by Bloomberg News was for a 2.8 percent gain. The increase was driven by higher output in the transport equipment and electronic parts industries, the ministry said.

Honda Motor Co. and Nissan Motor Co. are among companies raising production to meet demand from China and the U.S., Japan’s largest export markets. The benchmark 10-year Japanese government bond yield has advanced 9 basis points this year amid expectations of a domestic economic recovery.

“The Japanese economy is returning to an expansionary path buoyed by foreign demand, a typical way for Japan to recover,” said Hiroaki Muto, a senior economist at Sumitomo Mitsui Asset Management Co. in Tokyo. “With today’s production data and last week’s robust export increase, we can be pretty sure that the economy will escape from its lull in the current quarter.”

The yen traded at 82.15 per dollar at 10:53 a.m. in Tokyo from 82.17 before the report was published. The Nikkei 225 Stock Average fell 1.2 percent.

Growth to Accelerate

Japan’s economic growth will accelerate in each quarter this year, after shrinking in the three months through December due to the expiration of government subsidies to encourage consumer spending, according to a survey of economists by Bloomberg News.

The economy contracted at a 0.75 percent annual pace last quarter, a median estimate of 14 economists surveyed by Bloomberg shows.

Industrial output gained 15.9 percent for all of 2010, the first increase in three years, today’s data showed. The trade ministry upgraded its assessment for production for the first time since April 2009, saying output “is showing signs of picking up.”

Supporting growth in Japan is demand from the U.S. and China, the destination of more than a fifth of Japanese shipments.

Auto Output

Chinese imports soared 39 percent last year, with the monthly value reaching a record $141 billion in December. The country’s retail sales rose 18 percent in 2010.

The U.S. economy grew at a 3.2 percent annual rate in the fourth quarter of 2010 as consumer spending climbed by the most in more than four years, a Commerce Department report showed last week.

Automakers are raising output to meet overseas demand. Nissan Motor, Japan’s third-biggest carmaker, said last week global production rose 19.8 percent in December from a year ago. Honda Motor, the country’s second-largest automaker, said global output of its cars and light trucks gained 0.3 percent.

Panasonic Corp. may double its production capacity for light bulbs using light-emitting diodes within two years to tap the growing market for energy-saving devices, Yoshio Ito, president of Panasonic’s lighting business, said last week.

Manufacturers said they plan to increase output 5.7 percent in January then decrease production 1.2 percent in February, a government survey included in today’s output report showed.

Deflation Easing

Japanese economic data released Jan. 28 showed that deflation eased in December and the unemployment rate declined to 4.9 percent from 5.1 percent. Consumer prices excluding fresh food declined 0.4 percent from a year earlier, the statistics bureau said, the smallest drop since 2009. The country’s export growth accelerated for a second month in December, a government report showed last week.

Posing a risk to the country’s export-led recovery is the strength of the yen, which has gained about 10 percent against the dollar in the past year. A higher yen rate tends to weigh on companies’ overseas income.

A 3.3 percent decline in household spending in December also underscores the weakness of domestic demand.

“Based on where Japan is in its economic cycle, the pickup in exports suggests about a six-month lag before” capital expenditures may improve, Chiwoong Lee and Yuriko Tanaka, Tokyo- based economists at Goldman Sachs Group Inc., said in a report today. “But if we narrow our focus to recent trends, the pace of recovery” in capital spending “looks likely to be gradual.”

S&P Downgrade

Meanwhile, investor concern is growing about the country’s increasing debt, projected to reach 210 percent of gross domestic product in 2012, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Standard & Poor’s last week cut Japan’s credit rating to AA-, the fourth-highest level, saying it expects the country’s government debt ratios to continue to rise.

Prime Minister Naoto Kan has called for a national debate on increasing the 5 percent sales tax rate to boost the government’s revenue. He’s also striving to win passage of spending bills for a record 92.4 trillion yen ($1.1 trillion) annual budget through the opposition-controlled upper house, after a regular parliament session started last week.

To contact the reporter on this story: Keiko Ujikane in Tokyo at kujikane@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Paul Panckhurst at ppanckhurst@bloomberg.net

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