Three U.S. Banks Collapse as Bond Street Holdings Acquires Another Lender

Regulators closed banks in Florida, Georgia and New Mexico, awarding a third financial institution to Bond Street Holdings LLC, an investment firm that first bought banks in January.

Bond Street’s Premier American Bank purchased Englewood, Florida-based Peninsula Bank, according to a statement on the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.’s website. Yesterday’s three failures cost the agency’s deposit-insurance fund $284.6 million.

“The FDIC’s preference is for an orderly resolution of institutions that are in trouble,” said Walter J. Mix III, a managing director at Emeryville, California-based LECG LLC, a financial services advisory company, and a former commissioner of the California Department of Financial Institutions. “With the emerging commercial real estate problems and the continuing home loan problems there will be many more banks that fail.”

The FDIC has now closed 86 banks this year and is on pace to exceed last year’s total of 140, which was the most bank closings since 1992 as lenders across the country buckle under the weight of soured real-estate loans. The failures will drain $60 billion over the next three-and-a-half years from the FDIC’s fund, the agency said June 22. The fund dipped into deficit in the third quarter.

The Peninsula acquisition is the third this year for Bond Street, a Naples, Florida-based investment firm that was the first to use a regulatory shelf charter, which gave it advance approval to purchase failed lenders. Bond Street bought two banks in January.

Premier American

Premier American picked up $580.1 million in deposits, and added 13 branches to its existing network of 15 offices. The FDIC shared losses on $437.6 million of the failed bank’s assets.

Regulators also closed First National Bank of Savannah, Georgia, and sold its deposits and some of the assets to Savannah Bank, the FDIC said. The lender paid the agency a 0.11 percent premium to acquire $231.9 million in deposits.

High Desert State Bank of Albuquerque, New Mexico, was also closed by regulators and sold to Artesia, New Mexico-based First American Bank.

There were 775 banks with $431 billion in assets on the FDIC’s confidential list of problem lenders at the end of the first quarter, an increase from 702 banks with $402.8 billion at the end of last year, the agency said in its quarterly banking report.

To contact the reporters on this story: Dakin Campbell in San Francisco dcampbell27@bloomberg.net; Sarah Frier in New York at sfrier@bloomberg.net.

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