Cheer Up. History Will Forget This Dismal Campaign.
With its insults, lies, rancor and racism, this has been the most depressing election cycle of my lifetime. So it’s worth reminding ourselves that there’s plenty of good news for the U.S. of 2016, and that the good news probably far outweighs the bad.
When historians look back on our era, the Hillary Clinton-Donald Trump campaign probably will be a modest footnote to broader and mostly uninterrupted positive trends. For instance, in a remarkably short time, America has gone from clunky, joke-worthy cell phones, to having most of its citizens connected to much of the world’s information, and to most of the world’s people, at a moment’s notice. That is actually one of the greatest achievements of human history, even if we are far from realizing its full practical benefits.
Ours is sometimes called an age of gridlock, but the law and regulation of the internet has advanced smoothly, albeit imperfectly, to allow this all to fall into place. The rapid spread of online communications was aided by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, which laid down some basic ground rules. Since that time, American government has assisted with domain name registration, cable regulation, applications of intellectual property law, spectrum allotment, the placement and regulation of satellites, international protocols for the web, and the maintenance of an open internet for most of the world, among other relevant issues. For all the mistakes that were made, the product is up and running.
Pushing for China’s entry into the World Trade Organization in 2001 made it possible to finish off iPhones efficiently in that market and then export them. And it is China that may produce the next generation of cheap smartphones to narrow the digital divide in this country.
None of those are the hot-button issues of politics or the front page, but that’s the point. We’re so caught up in emotional partisan symbols that we’ve been distracted from seeing and articulating the progress.
A second major story of our time has been the spread of gay rights and the institutionalization of gay marriage. As recently as 2008, neither Clinton nor Barack Obama was willing to endorse gay marriage, but now it is the national standard.
What might be next? Driverless vehicles still have hitches, but they are in use in San Francisco and Pittsburgh and are progressing more rapidly than had been expected. They will ease commutes, save lives and help the elderly become more mobile. There is serious talk that stem cell technologies may extend human lives. The drone revolution may revolutionize the transport of goods and services. Software is being embedded into just about everything, and American business remains the envy of the world.
To be sure, new technologies can take decades to transform everyday lives, as was the case with electricity and the automobile. Still, our age is more likely to be remembered for these and related advances than for the 2016 campaign.
Unfortunately, it is also fair to report that not all is well in the U.S. economy. These magnificent innovations benefit some sectors more than others, and there is still an overall productivity slowdown combined with an aging population and lots of debt. Indicators for opioid addiction and life expectancy are showing troubling signs, and social and income mobility could be much stronger. America’s middle class has seen income stagnation or sometimes even contraction.
But virtually all market prices, whether equity indices, measures of volatility or the strength of the dollar, suggest that the future will be at least tolerable and possibly quite good or even spectacular. The market doesn’t seem to think that the expected results from the November election are going to overturn these positive trends. Panicking political commentators often put a lot of trust in prediction markets for the election, but I have yet to see them explain why other asset price markets seem to be doing fine.
The U.S. has, by the way, survived extremely ugly presidential campaigns before. In 1828, for example, a newspaper supporting John Quincy Adams called the mother of his opponent, Andrew Jackson, “a common prostitute.” (Among other dreadful things.)
The real puzzle this year is why so much of America’s noxious discourse has become concentrated in national politics. We don’t really know the answer. Most other parts of American life, including most other political campaigns, have been business as usual. Racism in the workplace does not seem to be going up and is probably going down, though there’s too much dispiriting evidence from the police of racism’s lingering power. Charity is flourishing and there are more smart TV shows and books than ever. Yet today it’s easier than before to see America’s moral faults in real time on Twitter or taped by smartphones and spread through social media.
It’s easier to see the decency of the American spirit too. So while the bad can be more vivid than the good, it does not have to be more powerful and enduring.
To contact the author of this story:
Tyler Cowen at email@example.com
To contact the editor responsible for this story:
Jonathan Landman at firstname.lastname@example.org
To continue reading this article you must be a Bloomberg Professional Service Subscriber.
If you believe that you may have received this message in error please let us know.