Bloomberg Markets magazine presents its first annual list of the Most Influential 50: The people who make the most money, build the most profitable companies, shape the economic debate -- and move global markets.

Bloomberg Markets magazine presents its first annual list of the Most Influential 50: The people who make the most money, build the most profitable companies, shape the economic debate -- and move global markets.

Bloomberg Markets Most Influential 50

Most Influential 50
Most Influential 50

Bloomberg Markets magazine presents its first annual list of the Most Influential 50: The people who make the most money, build the most profitable companies, shape the economic debate -- and move global markets.

Ben S. Bernanke
Ben S. Bernanke

Chairman
U.S. Federal Reserve
With lawmakers in no mood for fiscal stimulus, Bernanke, 57, a student of the Great Depression, holds the only levers left to pull to try to boost the U.S. economy.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Agustin Carstens
Agustin Carstens

Governor
Banco de Mexico
An unsuccessful candidate for IMF managing director, he made the case that the job no longer belongs with a European. Carstens, 53, has held rates unchanged this year as slow growth in the U.S. may damp Mexico’s economy.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Mario Draghi
Mario Draghi

Governor
Banca D'Italia
He replaces Jean-Claude Trichet as president of the European Central Bank on Nov. 1. Draghi, 64, has echoed Trichet in saying that Europe's political leaders need to act more decisively to halt the sovereign-debt contagion.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Timothy F. Geithner
Timothy F. Geithner

Treasury Secretary
United States
In August, Geithner, 50, asked if he could step down, and Vice President Joe Biden had to tell him no. Is he irreplaceable? Senate confirmation of a successor would be difficult.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Christine Lagarde
Christine Lagarde

Managing Director
International Monetary Fund
The first woman to lead the International Monetary Fund is expanding her influence beyond the teetering economies of Europe.
For full profile, click here.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Ali al-Naimi
Ali al-Naimi

Petroleum Minister
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Naimi, 76, is the longest- serving oil minister among OPEC members. In June, the cartel rejected his call to raise output, so Saudi Arabia ignored the decision and contacted officials in India, China and elsewhere to sell more oil.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Masaaki Shirakawa
Masaaki Shirakawa

Governor
Bank of Japan
Turnover in the government has made Shirakawa, who turns 62 in September, Japan’s longest-serving economic official. The inflation hawk may largely determine how much is spent on earthquake and tsunami reconstruction.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Wang Qishan
Wang Qishan

Vice Premier
People’s Republic of China
Rapport between Wang, 63, and Geithner has helped smooth currency and trade conflicts. Former Treasury Secretary Hank Paulson calls Wang “my old friend.” Wang is responsible for economic and financial affairs under Premier Wen Jiabao.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Elizabeth Warren
Elizabeth Warren

Professor
Harvard Law School
Republicans would not let her run the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, her brainchild. Warren, 62, was let into the White House long enough to set it up. Now she is back at Harvard, perhaps with a Senate campaign in her future.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Zhou Xiaochuan
Zhou Xiaochuan

Governor
People’s Bank of China
If emerging economies are the hope for the global economy, inflation is the worry. In July, Zhou, 63, raised rates for a third time this year while saying inflation isn’t the only object of Chinese monetary policy.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Lloyd Blankfein
Lloyd Blankfein

CEO
Goldman Sachs Group Inc.
Goldman has had just one quarterly loss in five years under Blankfein, 57. Still, the New York–based firm also has paid the largest fine the Securities and Exchange Commission ever has levied on a Wall Street firm.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Robert Diamond
Robert Diamond

CEO
Barclays Plc
The American built the Barclays Capital investment bank, capping the effort with the acquisition of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc.’s U.S. operations. The unit’s success won Diamond, 60, the top job at the London financial institution.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Jamie Dimon
Jamie Dimon

Chairman
JPMorgan Chase & Co.
The JPMorgan Chase CEO emerged from the crisis as head of the world's third-most-profitable financial institution. 

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

James Gorman
James Gorman

CEO
Morgan Stanley
He pitched clients more than 400 times in 2010, helping put Morgan Stanley on top in both merger advisory and equity underwriting. Gorman, 53, joined Dimon in asking regulators to consider the cumulative effect of new banking rules.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Stuart Gulliver
Stuart Gulliver

CEO
HSBC Holdings Plc
Like Diamond and Jain, Gulliver, 52, rose to the top job via the investment bank. Gulliver, however, has never worked outside HSBC, the world’s third- biggest bank by market capitalization.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Anshu Jain
Anshu Jain

Corporate and Investment Bank Chief
Deutsche Bank AG
He runs operations with more than 70 percent of total company revenue. The bank will split its top job rather than lose Jain, 48, a native of Jaipur, India. Co- CEO Juergen Fitschen will oversee all things German, including political duties.

Jiang Jianqing
Jiang Jianqing

Chairman
Industrial & Commercial Bank of China Ltd.
Jiang, 58, says he wants his bank to be the world’s most profitable. It’s already the most valuable by market capitalization. Jiang has formed partnerships with heavyweights such as Goldman Sachs.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Chanda Kochhar
Chanda Kochhar

CEO
ICICI Bank Ltd.
She runs India’s largest nongovernment lender. Kochhar, 49, rose through the ranks at ICICI, which launched the careers of half of the women in the top echelon of India’s banking industry.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Kenneth Moelis
Kenneth Moelis

CEO
Moelis & Co.
He left UBS AG in 2007 to build an independent investment bank. Moelis, 53, now has 550 employees in nine offices worldwide, and his firm is climbing the merger advisory league tables.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Vikram Pandit
Vikram Pandit

CEO
Citigroup Inc.
Pandit, 54, has led Citigroup back from the brink after needing a $45 billion bailout. He has disposed of more than $300 billion in troubled assets and pushed a strategy of growing outside the U.S.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Steven Cohen
Steven Cohen

CEO
SAC Capital Advisors LP
He boasts $14 billion in assets at his Connecticut firm and 30 percent annualized returns since 1987 in his main fund. Cohen, 55, is raising money for a new quantitative fund after closing his flagship long-short fund to new investors.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Ray Dalio
Ray Dalio

Founder
Bridgewater Associates LP
The manager who built Bridgewater into the world's largest macro hedge fund pioneered a new way to manage money.

For full profile, click here.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Laurence Fink
Laurence Fink

CEO
BlackRock Inc.
Fink, 58, has built the world’s largest money manager, with $3.7 trillion. The U.S. government tapped BlackRock during the financial crisis to evaluate and manage the toxic holdings of Bear Stearns Cos. and American International Group Inc

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Jeremy Grantham
Jeremy Grantham

Co-Founder
GMO LLC
Grantham gets a lot right in his quarterly letters. He warned of a housing bubble in April 2005 and wrote in March 2009 that the S&P 500 was cheap. In May of this year, Grantham, who turns 73 in October, was telling investors to raise cash.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

William Gross
William Gross

Co-Chief Investment Officer
Pacific Investment Management Co.
Gross derives his influence as manager of the world’s biggest bond fund, with $246 billion. From his perch in California, Gross, 67, put his “new normal” of slower growth front and center in the economic discourse.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Ho Ching
Ho Ching

Executive Director
Temasek Holdings Pte
She oversees the $153 billion Singapore investment company that sets the standard for sovereign-wealth management. Temasek has an annualized 21 percent return on investments made since Ho, 58, joined in 2002.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Lou Jiwei
Lou Jiwei

CEO
China Investment Corp.
He heads the newest large sovereign-wealth fund, founded in 2007. Jiwei, 60, must live down underwater investments in Morgan Stanley and Blackstone Group LP as he navigates CIC's $135 billion global portfolio.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Mark Mobius
Mark Mobius

Executive Chairman
Templeton Emerging Markets Group
Mobius, 75, helped open investors’ eyes to Asia and Latin America. His Templeton Emerging Markets Fund has beaten its benchmark with 18.9 percent annualized returns over 10 years.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

James Simons
James Simons

Chairman
Renaissance Technologies LLC
Even as Simons, 73, steps back from day-to-day management, the former code cracker remains the quant manager to beat. He boasts an annualized return for his Medallion fund of more than 35 percent since 1989.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

George Soros
George Soros

Chairman
Soros Fund Management LLC
After returning $700 million of outside money, Soros, 81, and his sons still oversee their own $24.5 billion. Investorshang on his pronouncements, as when he says gold is in a bubble or calls for the refinancing of European banks.
From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Mukesh Ambani
Mukesh Ambani

Chairman
Reliance Industries Ltd.
Reliance Industries' chairman is amassing a $16 billion cash hoard -- and big plans for India and the rest of the world.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Eike Batista
Eike Batista

Chairman
MMX Mineracao e Metalicos SA
Batista, 54, became Brazil’s richest man by betting on China’s hunger for natural resources. He is building a “highway to China” at the Acu port in Rio de Janeiro to export oil and iron ore his companies produce.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Warren Buffett
Warren Buffett

CEO
Berkshire Hathaway Inc.
Buffett, 81, lately focuses on what to do with one’s money, in addition to how to make it, prodding billionaires to take a charity pledge. Still, his views on investing make headlines, as when he commented that he would rate the U.S. AAAA.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Jeffrey Immelt
Jeffrey Immelt

CEO
General Electric Co.
Immelt, 55, heads Barack Obama’s Council on Jobs and Competitiveness. He is shrinking GE’s finance arm and has set a goal of boosting exports from the U.S. and selling more in China, India and the Middle East.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Steven Jobs
Steven Jobs

Former CEO
Apple Inc.
Jobs, 56, sits atop the tech industry—and the U.S. stock market. From January 2009 through July 2010, Apple accounted for about 7.3 percent of the gain in the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, double that of the next biggest contributor.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Mikhail Prokhorov
Mikhail Prokhorov

Founder
Onexim Group
He made his fortune in metals and mining and is watching it grow thanks to his stake in producer OAO Polyus Gold. Prokhorov, 46, is moving into politics with a leadership role in the pro-Kremlin Right Cause party. And he owns an NBA team.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Wilbur Ross
Wilbur Ross

CEO
W.L. Ross & Co.
Ross, 73, is watched because of his track record buying companies in out-of-favor industries: steel, textiles, car parts, coal. He built a mortgage servicing company after the housing bubble burst. This summer, he invested in oil tankers.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

David Rubenstein
David Rubenstein

Managing Director
Carlyle Group
His firm is in Washington, but the secretary of state of private equity travels more than two-thirds of the year, raising new money. Rubenstein, 62, owns a copy of the Magna Carta that is more than 700 years old.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Carlos Slim Helu
Carlos Slim Helu

Chairmen Emeritus
America Movil SAB
Latin American leaders want the richest man in the world to invest in their countries. When Argentina’s Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner visited Mexico in May, she had dinner first with Slim, 71, and met later with President Felipe Calderon.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Ratan Tata
Ratan Tata

Chairman
Tata Group
He runs India’s biggest conglomerate, making and selling a mix of products that range from salt to Jaguar automobiles. Tata, 73, has increased revenue for the group 12-fold to $76 billion since taking the reins in 1991.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Carson Block
Carson Block

Founder
Muddy Waters Research
Hedge-fund manager John Paulson sold his shares of Sino-Forest Corp. for a loss after Block, 35, who’s based in Hong Kong, alleged in a report that the Toronto-listed company overstated its timber holdings.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Martin Feldstein
Martin Feldstein

Professor
Harvard University
A long career as a deficit hawk puts him at the center of the austerity debate, even if fellow Republicans are reluctant to accept his tax proposals.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Jan Hatzius
Jan Hatzius

Chief Economist
Goldman Sachs Group Inc.
His warning to clients in early 2008 that a recession was coming vaulted Hatzius to the top of a BLOOMBERG MARKETS ranking of the most accurate economists. Hatzius, 42, cut his U.S. growth forecast in June of this year and again in July.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Daniel Kahneman
Daniel Kahneman

Professor Emeritus
Princeton University
Kahneman, 77, is one of the fathers of behavioral economics and won a Nobel economics prize, although he’s a psychologist. He has said capitalism suffers from delusional optimism, citing Alan Greenspan as an example.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Paul Krugman
Paul Krugman

Professor
Princeton University
He has a large following for his newspaper columns and a Nobel prize for his research. In a survey of professors published by the American Institute of Economic Research, Krugman, 58, was the most popular economist under age 60.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Jim O’Neill
Jim O’Neill

Chairman
Goldman Sachs Asset Management
O’Neill, 54, came up with the acronym BRIC to promote investment in Brazil, Russia, India and China. He was head of global economics until Goldman named him in 2010 to oversee its money management business.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Carmen Reinhart
Carmen Reinhart

Senior Fellow Peterson Institute Reinhart, 55, and Kenneth Rogoff had impeccable timing, delivering a thick history of debt-fueled financial crises in the aftermath of a global, debt-fueled crisis. Bernanke called their book, This Time Is Different, “extraordinary.”

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Robert Shiller
Robert Shiller

Professor
Yale University
He warned of irrational exuberance inflating technology stocks in the 1990s and recognized the housing bubble in the middle of the last decade. So Shiller, 65, gets credit for calling two economic disasters in a row.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Joseph Stiglitz
Joseph Stiglitz

Professor
Columbia University
He has used the phrase deficit fetishism to describe moves toward austerity in the U.S. and Europe. Stiglitz, 68, a Nobel laureate, expects budget cuts will doom developed economies to high unemployment and slow growth for years.

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

Nassim Taleb
Nassim Taleb

Professor
New York University
Every investor is now hunting the next Black Swan. Taleb wrote the book on them. His latest book consists of aphorisms, such as: “The tragedy is that much of what you think is random is in your control, and what’s worse, the opposite.”

From the Bloomberg Markets magazine Most Influential 50.

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