Emissions linked to cloud computing aren’t being properly accounted for in carbon calculations, potentially overstating corporate progress on net-zero pledges and hindering the broader effort to curb greenhouse gases.
“It has become something of a hidden emissions issue,” said John Ridd, chief executive officer of Greenpixie, a UK-based firm that designs software to identify cloud emissions. Ridd will discuss cloud-related emissions at a COP27 panel Thursday.
Cloud-based emissions are on the rise as more businesses shift data-crunching away from on-site servers to Internet-based ones run by the likes of Amazon.com Inc., Google parent Alphabet Inc. and Microsoft Corp. And it’s proving harder to obtain emissions data to measure the carbon footprints of cloud-computing platforms.
Regulators are increasingly concerned about the vast water and electricity consumed by large computing operations. Companies such as Meta Platforms Inc., Alphabet, Microsoft and Amazon have all struggled in recent months to get planning permission for certain data centers, according to a Nov. 8 report by Bloomberg Intelligence. The Netherlands and Ireland set moratoriums on projects in the past year, while some in the US have faced challenges over water use in drought-stricken areas.
About 90% of the world’s data was created in the past two years, according to Ridd, a reflection of everything from the surge in business-video calls to smart-phone use and and the popularity of Netflix. Total digital emissions make up about 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions, exceeding the 2.4% attributed to commercial flights, according to Greenpixie.