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Moms Are Struggling to Break Back Into the U.S. Workforce

Women are returning to the workforce after leaving in droves but they face hurdles ranging from career gaps to patchy school reopenings 

Marianne Russo working at the desk she shares with her 10-year-old son in San Jose, California. She left her job during the pandemic to take care of her two boys, including one with special needs. 

Marianne Russo working at the desk she shares with her 10-year-old son in San Jose, California. She left her job during the pandemic to take care of her two boys, including one with special needs. 

Photographer: Cayce Clifford/Bloomberg

Marianne Russo quit her job at Facebook Inc. last year when the pandemic closed her kids’ schools.

Now, she’s vaccinated, schools are reopening and Russo, one of more than 1.4 million mothers who left the workforce during Covid, is struggling to break back in.