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Banishing Coal for Power Holds Key to India’s Net-Zero Goal

  • Renewables must form 90% of power mix by 2050, report says
  • Nation shouldn’t be daunted by difficulties in reaching target

Photographer: Sanjit Das/Bloomberg

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India must phase out its coal-fired power plants by the middle of this century to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by that time, according to a new report on the challenges that’ll be posed in setting more ambitious climate targets.

The nation will need to progressively reduce coal’s share in electricity generation, currently at about 65%, and remove it altogether by 2050, according to the report published by The Energy and Resources Institute, a New Delhi-based think-tank, and Royal Dutch Shell Plc. The share of renewables in the power mix needs to climb to 90%, a more than eight-fold increase from now.