Sweden Tries to Halt Its March to Total CashlessnessBy , , and
Banks hit back at proposal saying it violates EU law
Banks say plan would significantly raise costs for customers
A key committee of Swedish lawmakers wants to force the country’s biggest banks to handle cash in an effort to halt the nation’s march toward complete cashlessness.
Parliament’s Riksbank committee, which is in the process of reviewing the central bank law, proposed making it mandatory for banks to offer cash withdrawals and handle daily receipts. The requirement would apply to banks that provide checking accounts and have more than 70 billion kronor ($8 billion) in deposits from the Swedish public, according to a report.
The lawmakers said there needs to be “reasonable access to those services in all of Sweden," and that 99 percent of Swedes should have a maximum distance of 25 kilometers (16 miles) to the nearest cash withdrawal. The requirement doesn’t state how banks should offer those services, and lenders can choose whether to use a third party, machines or over-the-counter services.
The move is a response to Sweden’s rapid transformation as it becomes one of the most cashless societies in the world. That’s led to concerns that some people are finding it increasingly difficult to cope without access to mobile phones or bank cards. There are also fears around what would happen if the digital payments systems suddenly crashed.
"We believe that the continued development of access to cash in society needs to take place in a controlled manner so that the public’s and society’s need for cash is fulfilled," the committee said in an op-ed in Dagens Nyheter.
The committee began looking at these issues amid worries that cash was disappearing too fast. A majority of bank branches in Sweden have stopped handling cash over the counter, and many shops and restaurants are also rejecting physical money. Still, a recent Riksbank study showed that the decline of cash is driven by the fact that Swedes prefer using electronic payments such as debit cards and mobile payments.
The Swedish Bankers’ Association said the plan would violate European Union laws on state aid and competition by forcing only a few banks to guarantee the supply of cash.
"To introduce a legal requirement where a few banks will be forced to manage cash supply in the country is legally very doubtful, as the same requirement isn’t placed on the other banks and other companies in the cash handling chain, such as retailers and cash-in-transit companies," Hans Lindberg, the association’s director general, said in a statement.
The proposal will result in “significantly increased costs” of as much as 100 million kronor a year for banks and customers, according to the group. The report also fails to mention that Riksbank now only has one cash depot left after closing 23 facilities, which has hampered the private sector’s cash usage, the group said.
The report puts the total costs for the six affected banks at 8 million kronor to 15 million kronor a year.
While Financial Markets Minister Per Bolund in April also questioned the legality of forcing banks to handle cash, in an interview on Monday he said there was "strength" in the proposal since it’s backed by all the parties in parliament.
He declined to say whether the government would support the proposal, which will now be sent out on a consultation round.
Riksbank Governor Stefan Ingves has expressed concerns that the lack of cash may become problematic in a crisis situation, and suggested new legislation to safeguard public governance of the payment system as well as introducing a digital currency. He has also suggested forcing banks to handle cash, a view now shared by the Riksbank committee.
"The large banks have a special responsibility for the access to cash in society," given that they are central as providers of payments and credit, the committee said. "It’s therefore not reasonable that they can completely renounce the responsibility to handle cash, especially against the background that it’s a legal means of payment."
The proposal means "raising the ambition level" somewhat compared with the current accessibility of cash in society, it said. If the requirements are not met, banks will face economic sanctions, whose size will depend on how large the bank is and on how much it contributes to access to cash, the committee said.
Cash handling company Loomis AB said the plan was “a step in the right direction.”
“The proposition aims to secure outflow of cash in society,” Patrik Andersson, chief executive officer at Loomis, said in an email. “We also want to see a proposal that all players must accept cash as well. It’s a legal means of payment and should be accepted by all. It’s like that in most countries, but not in Sweden.”
— With assistance by Hanna Hoikkala