Support for Japan’s Abe Plummets to Record Low in Two Polls

Updated on
  • Embattled prime minister faces questions in parliament Monday
  • Four opinion polls over weekend show slump in cabinet support

Japan PM Shinzo Abe's Allies Hit Him Over Land Scandal

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe saw his support tumble in weekend opinion polls as anger continues to rise over a cronyism scandal.

Two of the polls -- conducted separately by the Asahi newspaper and NNN news network -- showed public backing for Abe had fallen to its lowest level since he took office in 2012. They were conducted after the finance ministry admitted last week it had doctored documents related to the discounted sale of public land to a nationalist school operator with ties to Abe’s wife.

Abe on Monday again denied that he or his wife, Akie, were involved with the land sale or document-tampering, and called on the finance ministry to carry out a thorough inquiry and to restore trust. A finance ministry official committed suicide earlier this month, leaving a note saying that he feared being blamed for the scandal, public broadcaster NHK reported.

“Public trust in the administration as a whole has been shaken by the alteration of documents, and I take this seriously,” Abe said Monday. He reiterated that any involvement in the land sale would merit resignation.

Approval ratingChange (ppt)Conducted
Asahi31%-13March 17-18
Mainichi33%-12March 17-18
Kyodo38.7%-9.4March 17-18
NNN30.3%-13.7March 16-18

The scandal has thrown doubt over Abe’s chances of winning a ruling party leadership election in September, which would give him a shot at becoming the country’s longest-serving prime minister. In the shorter term, it will hamper his government’s plans to pass labor market reforms and slow the debate on constitutional revision.

“The opposition is very weak and I don’t think people want them to take over,” said Tsuneo Watanabe, senior research fellow at the Sasakawa Peace Foundation. “So the question is what happens in the party presidential election.”

The yen strengthened on the fall in support for the cabinet, which has championed a weaker currency. Japanese stocks declined on the polls and a report saying Apple Inc. is designing and producing its own device displays.

More than 80 percent of respondents to the Asahi poll said Abe bore responsibility for the alteration of the documents. Asked whether he should remain leader after the September party election, 53 percent of respondents said he should be replaced, while 31 percent said he should stay on.

The Kyodo poll found former Defense Minister Shigeru Ishiba was the most popular candidate to become party leader in September, with 25.4 percent of respondents picking him. Second was Shinjiro Koizumi, son of a popular former prime minister, with Abe in third place.

Public opinion might not be the most biggest factor in selecting a party leader, a decision made by members of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party.

“If any further trouble emerges, that will be different, but as of now it’s very difficult to connect Abe himself to the mishandling of documents,” said Watanabe. He said he expected the prime minister to win a third term.

Selected results of the Asahi poll:

(1,915 respondents)

Does Abe have responsibility for the document tampering?
Do you accept Abe’s explanation that he and his wife weren’t involved in document tampering?
Should Abe’s wife testify in parliament?
Should Finance Minister Taro Aso resign?
(Updates with Abe comment in fourth paragraph.)
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