Russian Gas Return to Ukraine to Cost EU Traders $1 Billion

Updated on
  • Naftogaz is set to restart gas imports from Russia this year
  • Ukrainian company’s contract with Gazprom expires in Dec. 2019

Flow direction arrows sit on trunk pipes at the gas metering station in Uzhgorod, Ukraine.

Photographer: Vincent Mundy/Bloomberg

European natural gas traders stand to lose about $1 billion in sales to Ukraine this year.

Companies from Eni SpA to Uniper SE will see combined gas shipments to the east European nation fall by about that amount after a Stockholm court ordered Ukraine to resume some imports from Russia after a break of more than two years. European Union companies first started selling gas to Ukraine in 2013, with the new market helping offset a slump in domestic demand at the time.

“The party is getting less exciting for the European gas traders and pipeline operators, who benefited from re-exporting Russian gas to Ukraine,” BI analyst Elchin Mammadov said. Yet, a recent recovery in EU gas consumption “will soften the blow.”

Ukraine imported 14 billion cubic meters of gas from the EU last year, comparable to Belgium’s annual consumption. From this year, state-owned NAK Naftogaz Ukrainy should import 5 billion cubic meters annually under its contract with Russia’s Gazprom PJSC through 2019, and has to pay for at least 80 percent of that, according to the court.

That volume is worth as much as $1.2 billion per year, assuming 5 billion cubic meters is supplied at the average price Ukraine paid for imports last October, according to the most recent data from its statistics service. The court linked the price to be paid to Russia for gas to German hub rates, Naftogaz said without elaborating.

France’s Engie SA was among Ukraine’s top suppliers in 2016 with a volume of more than 3 billion cubic meters. That was “a record year,” while sales last year decreased by about 40 percent because of stronger competition, the company’s press service said by email. 

“With Naftogaz potentially buying Russian gas in 2018 and 2019, Engie is enhancing its strategy of selling in Ukraine to final industrial customers that was started last year,” it said.

Swiss-based Axpo Trading AG, another major supplier, “is in the process of establishing a local Ukrainian company to be able to trade directly within Ukraine,” its press service said.

Gazprom is ready to resume supplies to Ukraine once all debts are paid and on the condition that deliveries are paid for in advance, Alexander Medvedev, the company’s deputy head, said last month. That position remains in place, Gazprom’s press service said Wednesday.

The court decided that Naftogaz owes more than $2 billion for volumes delivered in 2014, according to the Russian exporter. Naftogaz said all payment issues would be cleared up once there’s a court ruling on the gas transit contract between the companies, which is expected by end-February.

Traders that had contracts with Naftogaz in 2017

Axpo Trading AGPGNiG SA
CEZ ASRWE Supply & Trading GmbH
CFP Trading LtdShell Energy Europe Ltd
Dufenergy Trading SA Statoil ASA*
Engie SATrailstone GmbH
Eni Trading & Shipping SpAUniper Global Commodities SE
MET Gas and Energy Marketing AG

*Statoil said it had no actual supplies in 2017
SOURCE: Naftogaz regulatory filings

— With assistance by Volodymyr Verbyany, and Daryna Krasnolutska

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