Cobalt and 11% Yields Lure Risk-Takers to This Canadian Miner

  • Sherritt International’s bonds show double-digit yields
  • CEO’s restructuring efforts have shed debt but not doubts
Photographer: Cole Burston/Bloomberg

Sherritt International Corp.’s double-digit bond yields are beginning to lure investors, even as questions linger about whether the Canadian miner has unloaded enough debt and turned around its sputtering projects.

The Toronto-based firm restructured its Ambatovy mining joint venture in Madagascar last month, cutting debt by about C$1.3 billion ($1 billion) and ceding most of its stake in the money-losing business. But the nickel mine has never met production goals, and meanwhile an oil and gas venture with the Cuban state oil company has been delayed after failing to reach its first-round drilling target.

Strengthening commodity prices have spurred investors to push Sherritt’s bonds up from their 2017 lows, but skepticism is still reflected in the yield of nearly 11 percent, about twice the level of high-yield peers. In a world where credit spreads are at 10-year lows, the payout is too good to pass up for some investors.

“It’s about where you can find value in this market,” Dan Cooper, a fixed-income portfolio manager at Mackenzie Financial Corp., who helps manage C$36 billion, said by phone from Toronto. “It’s not without its risks, and that’s why it’s not trading at 5 percent.” He said Mackenzie has been buying Sherritt bonds over the past year.

Mining companies have largely recovered from the rout in commodity prices that saw high-yield Canadian companies downgraded amid concerns about their ability to service their debt. But Sherritt is still losing money and hasn’t turned an annual profit since 2012, with cumulative losses topping C$3 billion.

Chief Executive Officer David Pathe has sought to strengthen Sherritt’s balance sheet, with efforts that included a restructuring in May 2016 to extend bond maturities. He’s also had to weather volatile commodity prices since becoming CEO in January 2012, and contend with an activist investor’s proxy battle to replace him. A representative for the company declined to comment.

Still Partners

The company’s debt sits around C$810 million following the Ambatovy restructuring and may increase by another C$40 million to C$50 million on restructuring costs, said Tony Robson, executive chairman at Global Mining Research in London. Sherritt is still partners with Sumitomo Corp. and Korea Resources Corp. in the project after cutting its stake to 12 percent from 40 percent in the overhaul, and it remains an operator of the mine until at least 2024.

The debt is “still uncomfortably high,” according to Robson. “They still need to do some sort of equity raise in some way through the course of 2018.”

The restructuring is positive for both bondholders and shareholders because it addressed the unsustainable debt load while allowing Sherritt to stay on as the mine’s operator, Mackenzie’s Cooper said. Sherritt had deferred payments to its partners in Ambatovy as it struggled to pay its cash obligation, and it recorded a C$1.6 billion impairment expense on the mine in January 2016.

Cuba Curbs

The shares have more than doubled since June, and the company had C$291.3 million of cash at the end of the third quarter. Given the commodity rally, Sherritt’s bonds should be trading closer to peers, according to Cooper, but the company has been weighed down by Ambatovy. It doesn’t help that the issue is thinly traded, with U.S. investors facing restrictions on purchasing the securities because of Sherritt’s ties to Cuba, he said.

“It definitely stands out versus the rest of the group for a credit that doesn’t have any major liquidity issues, doesn’t have any major refinancing needs, doesn’t have any covenant issues,” he said. “The three main triggers for a bankruptcy or restructuring aren’t there.”

Battery Powered

Looking ahead, securing a deal with a company to purchase and sell its cobalt production would be very beneficial for Sherritt because it’s a major producer of the commodity, Robson said. Cobalt, often a by-product of nickel mining used to make lithium batteries, has jumped to $75,000 a ton on higher demand from companies like Tesla Inc. and BMW AG.

Paul Tepsich, founder and portfolio manager at High Rock Capital Management Inc. in Toronto, has been buying up Sherritt shares and bonds in anticipation that the company will sign a cobalt deal sometime in the first half of this year. Its share of cobalt sales from Ambatovy and Moa, its joint nickel mining venture in Cuba, will more than cover the interest expense on the bonds, he said.

“On Ambatovy, I think they did a pretty good job. They took their lumps and they’ve eliminated the risk,” he said. “It still produces a lot of cobalt and that’s going to be beneficial.”

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