Photographer: Fred Dufour/AFP via Getty Images

Banks That Funded HNA's $40 Billion Spending Spree Halt New Loans

  • Dealmaking conglomerate has reported $73 billion of debt
  • HNA bonds are slumping as scrutiny of finances intensifies

Several Chinese banks that helped fund HNA Group Co.’s global acquisition spree are losing their appetite for financing the company, according to people familiar with the matter.

Three of the banks have decided to stop extending new loans to HNA, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the information is private. One made the decision early this year, the second acted a couple of months ago and the third moved recently, the people said. A fourth bank trimmed its exposure to the company over the past few months and reduced the size of a credit line, one of the people said, without providing further details. The four lenders were among the eight largest providers of credit lines to HNA as of 2015, according to the latest publicly-disclosed figures.

HNA, one of China’s most acquisitive companies, took on at least $73 billion of debt as it transformed from an obscure regional airline into a worldwide conglomerate with multi-billion dollar stakes in Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc. and Deutsche Bank AG. While HNA has cash on hand and there’s no indication that the four banks have rebuffed requests for new funding or demanded early repayment, a dearth of fresh credit could further restrain HNA’s ambitions as Chinese regulators clamp down on the offshore deals to stem capital outflows and shore up the yuan.

“Sentiment appears to have turned against them,” said Nigel Stevenson, an analyst at financial research firm GMT Research in Hong Kong. “Certainly, it will be become harder for them to find alternative sources of finance given the uncertainty created" by news that some banks are distancing themselves from the company, Stevenson said.

Read more: A QuickTake Q&A on why China is scrutinizing acquisitive tycoons

The pullback by Chinese lenders began even before reports emerged that authorities had started scrutinizing some of the country’s most active overseas dealmakers. Last month, regulators began assessing the dangers to China’s banking system posed by HNA and other prolific acquirers, including Fosun International Ltd. and billionaire Wang Jianlin’s Dalian Wanda Group Co.

President Xi Jinping signed off on a decision to bar state-owned banks from making new loans to Wanda for its overseas expansion, according to a Wall Street Journal report. At a twice-a-decade conference on financial regulation convened by Xi this month, policy makers pledged to rein in corporate borrowing and said that preventing systemic risk was an “eternal theme.”

HNA, which has announced more than $40 billion of acquisitions spanning six continents since the start of 2016, said its financial position remains “strong” and noted that its debt-to-asset ratio decreased for a seventh straight year in fiscal 2016. The company was founded by aviation tycoon Chen Feng in 1993.

“We have always managed HNA so that we aren’t reliant on a single source of funding for our business,” the company said. “We have strong cash flow from our diverse operations, untapped credit available from a wide range of Chinese lenders, and access to equity markets through our many publicly-traded subsidiaries.”

Read more: Behind China’s Boldest Dealmaker, Billions in Pledged Shares

Despite the heightened scrutiny of Chinese acquirers by lenders and regulators, the country still supports “reasonable” offshore and local investments as long as they contribute to the domestic economy and don’t rely on excessive bank borrowing, said Lu Zhengwei, chief economist at Industrial Bank Co. in Shanghai.

While HNA’s financial disclosures are limited because the parent company is unlisted, its annual report to bondholders provides some balance sheet details and information on its relationships with lenders.

HNA reported 172.5 billion yuan ($25 billion) of cash and cash equivalents at the end of last year. It also disclosed 493.7 billion yuan of debt and said it had 611 billion yuan of committed credit lines from banks, of which around 40 percent was unused.

The source of those credit lines wasn’t disclosed in the annual report, but an HNA bond prospectus shows that China Development Bank, Export-Import Bank of China, Bank of China Ltd., China Construction Bank Corp., Agricultural Bank of China Ltd., Industrial & Commercial Bank of China Ltd., China Minsheng Banking Corp. and Bank of Communications Co. were the company’s biggest providers of credit lines at the end of 2015. All but Minsheng are controlled by the Chinese government.

Spokespeople for CDB, Bank of China, China Construction Bank, Ag Bank and Bocom didn’t answer calls and text messages seeking comment. ICBC and Minsheng declined to comment. Exim Bank said it couldn’t provide immediate comment.

One of the four lenders that suspended new financing to HNA was concerned about the company’s ability to post new collateral for loans, a person familiar with the bank’s thinking said. HNA and its units have pledged at least $24 billion of shares across 15 publicly-traded firms as collateral, including the Hilton and Deutsche Bank stakes, public filings as of mid-July showed.

Read more: A list of HNA-related stocks

Lenders in China aren’t the only ones rethinking their relationships with HNA. Bank of America Corp. has told investment bankers to stop working on transactions with the company for now amid growing concerns about the group’s debt levels and ownership structure, people familiar with the matter said last week. Other Wall Street firms, including Citigroup Inc. and Morgan Stanley, have largely steered clear of advising and financing the company on deals. HNA said on Saturday that its acquired companies have had business arrangements with BofA and that cooperation is proceeding normally.

On Monday, HNA disclosed it’s controlled by a couple of charities as the acquisitive Chinese conglomerate seeks to dispel concerns about its ownership structure.

HNA bond investors have grown skittish in recent months. The 2018 dollar bonds of HNA Group International Co., an offshore unit of the conglomerate, fell to a record on Friday, lifting their yield to 12.6 percent from about 5.4 percent in April. The securities were little changed in Hong Kong on Monday.

HNA has at least $1.99 billion of bonds and loans coming due this year and another $2.45 billion maturing in 2018, according to data compiled Bloomberg.

— With assistance by Jun Luo, Heng Xie, and Prudence Ho

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