The End of Cheap Chocolate? Cocoa Futures Surge Most on RecordBy
Ivorian suppliers sold more of 2017-18 crop than expected
Money managers reduced bets on price drop for three weeks
Cocoa prices soared amid signs of tighter supplies in Ivory Coast, the world’s top grower, raising prospects that chocolate costs will climb.
July futures jumped as much as 6.8 percent, the most ever for the contract. Farmers in West Africa are already locking in more forward sales for next year’s crop than traders were expecting, a sign that supplies from the current harvest are beginning to ebb.
The outlook for tighter supplies marks a shift for the market that’s been suffering from a global surplus. The overhang pushed prices down 32 percent over the past 12 months, helping to lower some retail costs for chocolate. The treats may not stay cheap for long, at least that’s what hedge funds are signaling. Money managers have backed away from their bearish cocoa bets for three straight weeks, U.S. government data show.
On ICE Futures U.S., cocoa for July delivery added 6.6 percent to settle at $2,037 a metric ton Tuesday in New York. Aggregate trading was about 70 percent higher than the 100-day average for the time of day, data compiled by Bloomberg show. Prices are rebounding after reaching the lowest in almost 10 years in April.
Ivory Coast growers have sold 950,000 tons of cocoa beans from the 2017-18 main crop as of May 27, according to a person familiar with the matter. The main crop, which starts Oct. 1, is the larger of the country’s two annual harvests.
“That’s a pretty big upfront sale, and it’s probably the reason why prices are rallying,” Jack Scoville, vice president for Price Futures Group in Chicago, said in a telephone interview.
Some growing regions in Ivory Coast and Ghana, the second-largest producer, have been dry and need moisture to aid early crop growth, according to Gaithersburg, Maryland-based MDA Weather Services. Trees are also stressed from a lack of moisture in Indonesia’s Sulawesi region.