Summer Driving Expectations Get Oil Investors Excited Again

  • Money managers’ WTI net-longs up first time in six weeks: CFTC
  • Gasoline net-longs jump 59% as U.S. fuel inventories tumble

Libya Returns as Possible Risk to the Oil Markets

Summer may be a few months away but oil investors are already getting their hopes up that American drivers will do their part to rebalance the market.

Hedge funds increased bets on higher West Texas Intermediate crude prices for the first time in six weeks, shrugging off rising U.S. supplies, as the coming driving season is expected to help ease the glut. Their wagers on more expensive gasoline jumped the most since last year, U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission data show.

U.S. fuel producers typically boost crude processing at this time of year as they prepare for the summer surge in demand. In a sign that they’ve already started, a government report showed refineries operating at the highest rate in about three months. Foreign refiners are also developing a taste for American barrels. Crude exports rose to a record in February as China displaced Canada as the biggest customer, Census Bureau data showed.

"As refinery utilization picks up, and if crude exports to Asia remain high, crude supplies will start to deplete," Thomas Finlon, director of Energy Analytics Group LLC in Wellington, Florida, said by telephone. "The market is focused on where the market is heading, not where it’s been, and crude supplies are going to be whittled down."

Money managers’ WTI net-long position, or the difference between bets on a price increase and wagers on a drop, climbed 9.2 percent in the week ended April 4 after tumbling 41 percent in the prior five weeks, according to the CFTC. Net bullish bets on gasoline climbed 59 percent, the biggest increase since December.

Refining Boost

Gasoline and diesel producers used 90.8 percent of their crude-processing capacity in the week ended March 31, the most since Jan. 6, according to the Energy Information Administration. Meanwhile, gasoline inventories have fallen almost 8 percent since mid-February, to 239.1 million barrels.

"Bigger-than-expected draws in gasoline stocks help explain the big gain in gasoline net length," Tim Evans, an energy analyst at Citi Futures Perspective in New York, said by phone. "It probably helped boost interest in WTI."

Oil futures touched an 18-month high on the first day of trading this year as an accord between the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and 11 other producers to cut output for six months came into effect. Six members of OPEC and Oman back extending production curbs beyond June, with Saudi Arabia and Kuwait saying oil stockpiles need to fall to the five-year average.

The outlook for an extension of the accord has also helped renew optimism that prices will rebound, according to Michael Lynch, president of Strategic Energy & Economic Research in Winchester, Massachusetts.

Bears Retreat

"The oil bears were in retreat because OPEC appears to be complying pretty well to the quota and the likelihood that the cuts will be extended," Lynch said by phone.

The net-long position in WTI rose by 22,415 futures and options to 267,030. Longs advanced 2.3 percent, while shorts retreated 12 percent. WTI rose 5.5 percent to $51.03 a barrel in the report week. The U.S. benchmark crude climbed 1.6 percent to $53.08 on Monday, the highest close since March 7.

Net-long positions in Brent crude also increased. Speculators’ wagers on the grade, the international benchmark traded in London, rose by 30,563 contracts to 403,319, the biggest gain in four months, data from ICE Futures Europe showed.

Gasoline futures increased 5.3 percent to $1.7217 a gallon in the report period. The May contract advanced 0.7 percent to $1.7581 on Monday, the highest close for front-month prices since August 2015.

"Gasoline is a safe place to hang your hat as summer approaches," Energy Analytics’ Finlon said. "Crude supplies will fall as utilization ramps up to meet gasoline demand."

    Before it's here, it's on the Bloomberg Terminal.
    LEARN MORE