Deutsche Bank Is Nearing a Plan to Boost Capital by $10.6 BillionManuel Baigorri, Dinesh Nair, Ruth David, Jan-Henrik Foerster, Steven Arons
Firm said to plan selling own stock, stake in asset management
Bank also weighing management changes, reintegrating Postbank
Deutsche Bank AG is nearing a plan to boost capital by more than 10 billion euros ($10.6 billion) through an equity offering and the partial sale of its asset management unit, according to people with knowledge of the discussions.
The measures, which executives may review as soon as this weekend, would be a way for the bank to boost capital buffers instead of by selling its Postbank unit, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the plans haven’t been announced. Deutsche Bank is now leaning toward reintegrating the consumer banking business, the people said. No final decision has been made, they said.
It’s also studying management changes, including a new role for Chief Financial Officer Marcus Schenck, some of the people said. The firm is weighing recombining its investment banking and trading divisions, with Schenck gaining some oversight of the business, some of the people said. Among the options the bank is considering is creating a deputy chief executive officer role, the people said.
The supervisory board is scheduled to meet for two days starting March 16 to discuss potential measures, three people said earlier Friday.
Deutsche Bank has almost doubled in market value since Sept. 26, reflecting relief over its U.S. mortgage securities settlement and the brighter outlook for banks following Donald Trump’s election. Selling Postbank, which employs 18,000, had been a cornerstone of CEO John Cryan’s strategy to boost capital and profitability, but the bank has has been unable to find a buyer.
“A capital increase is probably the best option given the alternatives, everything else would cut into real business,” said Michael Huenseler, an investor at Assenagon Asset Management, which has stock in Deutsche Bank. “But it will be an enormous dilution for shareholders at the current price-book ratio.”
A majority of the supervisory board favors reintegrating Postbank, accompanied by a capital increase, one person said. Schenck last month said the lender would only sell Postbank if a deal provided “meaningful capital relief” to Deutsche Bank.
A spokeswoman for Deutsche Bank declined to comment.
Deutsche Bank shares fell 1.3 percent to 19.14 euros in Frankfurt Friday. The stock trades at about half the bank’s tangible book value, below European peers including UBS Group AG, which trades at 1.3 times book, and France’s BNP Paribas SA at 0.9 times book.
Deutsche Bank could sell as much as 30 percent of the asset management unit in an initial public offering, the people said. The division had 774 billion euros of client assets at the end of 2016.
An IPO of the fund management business may be attractive to investors who have watched the success of Amundi SA, France’s largest asset manager, since controlling shareholder Credit Agricole SA listed it on the Paris market. The stock is up more than 20 percent since its IPO in November 2015, and the company posted its highest quarterly inflows in two years in the fourth quarter.
Deutsche Bank’s asset management had seen six consecutive quarters of net money outflows by the end of last year. Division head Nicolas Moreau, who joined the business in October, has pledged to reverse the trend.
Deutsche Bank’s management board earlier planned to wait for the completion of new banking standards that could force the bank to hold yet more capital, including for Postbank, before finalizing fresh measures. After failing to deliver a deal in early January, the Basel Committee of global banking supervisors once again left the table this week without an agreement, fueling uncertainty over the timing.
At 11.9 percent at the end of 2016, the bank’s common equity Tier 1 ratio is still 60 basis points shy of its end-2018 target. With revenue under pressure from low interest rates, Deutsche Bank is also trying to build capital up organically by improving profitability. The lender has withdrawn from several countries and it recently announced that it will drastically cut bonuses for about a quarter of its staff.
Schenck has said new rules could add 100 billion euros ($106 billion) to its risk-weighted assets, which amounted to 358 billion euros at the end of 2016. The increase would probably come over seven to 10 years, he said.
Deutsche Bank acquired Postbank seven years ago under then-CEO Josef Ackermann, hoping the move would help it reduce its reliance on investment banking. The company wasn’t able to fully tap synergies with the new unit and limits on leverage made its mortgage business less attractive, according to the bank. Labor union Verdi said in February that it opposes reintegrating Postbank into Deutsche Bank because it would put jobs at risk.
Doubts about Deutsche Bank’s financial strength intensified last year after the U.S. Justice Department in September demanded $14 billion to end an inquiry into mortgage securities that fueled the 2008 financial crisis. Investors were relieved when the final settlement in December came at about half that amount.
— With assistance by Nicholas Comfort, Aaron Kirchfeld, and Rachel Evans