China's High Rollers Are Back at Macau's Gaming TablesBy
Gambling hub expected to show seventh straight month of growth
Recovery threatened by property curbs, capital restrictions
Chinese high rollers are pulling Macau out of its doldrums, helping reverse the gambling Mecca’s two-year slump with cash created by soaring real-estate values and busy factory floors.
Revenue for some of the biggest junket operators -- middle-men who extend credit to big spenders -- has jumped more than 20 percent since the last quarter compared to a year ago, according to Kwok Chi Chung, president of the Association of Gaming & Entertainment Promoters of Macau.
“VIP room operators are very happy when we meet in the street or at the parties,” Kwok said in an interview. “Six months ago, they would complain about the bad market for the whole day.”
The windfall illustrates the close ties between the fortunes of the world’s largest gambling hub and China’s real estate market, in spite the government measures to curb capital outflows and a crackdown on efforts to attract the country’s citizens to gamble overseas. February’s gaming receipts probably rose 10 percent to about 21.5 billion patacas ($2.7 billion), according to eight analysts surveyed by Bloomberg. With land prices, home values and industrial profits all increasing last year, some of that cash trickled down south to Macau.
Casino revenue from VIPs rose 13 percent last quarter, and their contribution to Macau’s overall gambling revenue gained about six percentage points from July to January, according to data compiled by Bloomberg Intelligence.
The Bloomberg Intelligence index of Macau casino stocks has rallied more than 20 percent in the past six months. Sell ratings on Galaxy Entertainment Group Ltd. and Sands China Ltd., the enclave’s two largest casino operators, have disappeared. Galaxy rose 0.3 percent Monday in Hong Kong, extending its gains in the past six months to over 40 percent. Wynn Macau rose 0.6 percent, while the benchmark Hang Seng Index fell 0.2 percent.
“There’s a lot more confidence,” Ian Michael Coughlan, president of Wynn Macau, said during a Jan. 27 conference call. “There appears to be more liquidity in the market, particularly with the junkets, and it’s being sustained. The outlook is pretty promising.”
The junket revival comes after President Xi Jinping’s campaign against corruption caused VIP revenue to plunge for two years beginning in 2014 before bottoming out last year. That led to the shutdown of about half of the junket operators, leaving about 120 such companies currently in business, according to the Macau government.
The largest junket operators have boosted liquidity in recent months because of the consolidation, giving them more money to attract high-stake gamblers, said Ben Lee, managing partner at consultant IGamiX.
“Only the VIPs can drive a significant recovery in the gaming industry here in Macau,” Lee said. “The VIP segment has always been growth on steroids in good times, and it looks like this is what’s happening now.”
Still, casino operators say their long-term focus is on bringing in more tourists and leisure gamblers, in line with Xi’s order for Macau to diversify its economy. Las Vegas Sands Corp. reported its Parisian casino with an Eiffel Tower replica posted adjusted earnings of $95 million in its first full quarter of operation.
Melco Crown Entertainment Ltd.’s $3.2 billion Studio City resort opened in late 2015 targeting mass market gamblers, before adding its first VIP rooms in August.
“I think VIP has surprised in terms of its recovery,” Melco Chief Executive Officer Lawrence Ho told analysts on a conference call Feb. 16. “But at the same time, ultimately, the future of Macau is going to be pinned on the growth of the mass market.”
There are also signs the wave may be cresting soon for the VIP revival, with China expanding curbs on home purchases and imposing tighter restrictions on property lending in an attempt to ward off a housing bubble. New-home prices increased in January in only 45 of 70 cities tracked by the government -- the fewest in a year.
China’s foreign-exchange regulator also announced measures last month to curb capital outflows, while the government’s detention of Crown Resorts Ltd. employees in October initially sparked concerns of a broader crackdown on luring mainland gamblers to Macau’s baccarat tables. Crown is still reeling, as turnover from its VIP program dropped 45 percent in the six months ended Dec. 31.
In the meantime, Kwok’s junket compatriots are enjoying the winning streak while they can. Property developers, coal-mine owners and other businessmen not only have money to pay back previous gambling debts, they also have more money to play again, Kwok said.
During the Lunar New Year holiday this month, some mid- and small-sized junket operators even had difficulty booking hotel rooms for their clients, he said.
“In the good times, hotel rooms were always full during holidays,” Kwok said. “Now we’ve started to see this again. We haven’t seen that for a long time.”