Mattis Delivers NATO a Hard Warning: Pay Up or U.S. RetreatsBy and
Defense secretary says U.S. could ‘moderate its commitment’
Says American taxpayer carries ‘disproportionate share’
Defense Secretary James Mattis used his first NATO meeting to warn European governments that the U.S. could scale back its pledge to defend Europe if ally nations don’t increase military spending.
“America will meet its responsibilities, but if your nations do not want to see America moderate its commitment to the alliance, each of your capitals needs to show support for our common defense,” according to a transcript of his remarks at the gathering in Brussels.
A month after President Donald Trump described the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as “obsolete,” ministers from the 28 alliance countries met on Wednesday to suss out what role the new administration will play in the allies’ common defense. Mattis’s strong words will echo into Thursday as foreign chiefs assemble in Bonn, Germany, for the Group of 20 meeting, which will be Rex Tillerson’s inaugural European foray as secretary of state.
During his election campaign and in interviews since his victory, Trump demanded that European nations contribute a larger share to their defense. Currently, the U.S. accounts for about 70 percent of the alliance’s overall defense expenditure.
In a bilateral meeting on Wednesday with French Minister of Defense Jean-Yves Le Drian, Mattis discussed “how allied commitments to NATO contribute to the unity of the alliance,” according to an e-mailed statement from his spokesman. France’s military spending falls short of NATO targets.
“Mattis conveyed a very firm message to all allies and that message is about the importance of fair burden-sharing, and it reflects the political reality in the United States,” NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said.
While only five NATO members meet its target to spend 2 percent of their gross domestic product on defense, expenditures increased in 2016 for the first time since 2009. Among European countries and Canada, it grew 3.8 percent, or about $10 billion, Stoltenberg said.
Mattis told his colleagues that NATO, by the end of the year, would have to adopt a plan that would include milestone dates to make progress toward the 2 percent target, according to the transcript of his comments at the gathering.
“No longer can the American taxpayer carry a disproportionate share of the defense of western values,” Mattis told the defense ministers. “Americans cannot care more for your children’s future security than you do.”
Some of the other defense ministers were receptive to the call for increased burden sharing, and countries including Lithuania and Latvia pledged to meet the 2 percent target imminently, according to Stoltenberg. “Americans are right, this is a question of fairness that also we, the Europeans, all contribute and that we don’t excessively rely on the Americans,” German defense minister Ursula von der Leyen told reporters before the meeting, adding that there is “no doubt” about Mattis’s commitment to NATO.
Mattis spared the U.K. of any criticism. In a meeting with his British counterpart Michael Fallon on the sidelines of the NATO gathering, he “noted his intent to keep the special relationship between the U.S. and the U.K. uniquely close by actively tending to it and showing it remains a cornerstone of U.S. security and defense policy,” his spokesman said.
Still, his comment about moderating U.S. commitment to Europe is a blow to British Prime Minister Theresa May, who has claimed getting Trump to back NATO as the biggest fruit of her visit to him last month.
“When President Trump spoke particularly during the election campaign about his attitude to NATO a lot of people started to worry about what that means: is America going to withdraw?" she told the New Statesman magazine, in an interview published last week. “But I got a 100 percent commitment from him to NATO.”
Mattis also addressed defense ministers on Russia during the meeting, according to the transcript of his comments.
His trip to Europe comes as Washington struggles to contain the fallout of the ouster of national security adviser Michael Flynn, who the administration says may have misled the president and vice president about his communications with a Russian envoy.
U.S. spy chiefs told a Senate committee last month that they have “high confidence” in a declassified report that Russia interfered with last year’s presidential elections. They said Putin personally directed a hacking and disinformation operation that sought to undermine Democrat Hillary Clinton and, eventually, to help Republican Trump.
“We remain open to opportunities to restore a cooperative relationship with Moscow, while being realistic in our expectations and ensuring our diplomats negotiate from a position of strength,” he said. “We are not willing however, to surrender the values of this alliance nor let Russia, through its actions, speak louder than anyone in this room.”
Trump sent a message on Twitter as the meeting of defense ministers was getting underway, pointing out that the invasion of Crimea happened on his predecessor’s watch. “Crimea was TAKEN by Russia during the Obama Administration. Was Obama too soft on Russia?” he wrote.
— With assistance by Robert Hutton, Laura Litvan, Margaret Talev, Nikos Chrysoloras, and Steven T. Dennis