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How Segregated Schools Built Segregated Cities

A closer look at the roots of racial division in urban America reveals how homeowners used “white-branded” schools to block black residents from moving in.
relates to How Segregated Schools Built Segregated Cities
Baltimore City Archives

More than six decades after the Brown vs. Board of Education decision, increasing numbers of black children in the U.S. attend what researchers call “apartheid schools” where students of color comprise more than 99 percent of the population.

Such schools educate one-third of black students in New York City and half of the black students in Chicago; nationwide, according to a report from the Civil Rights Project at UCLA, they educated more than 15 percent of African-American kids and 14 percent of Latinos in 2012. Even in places where racial segregation isn’t quite so absolute, the physical divide between white kids and kids of color in public schools—and charter schoolskeeps growing.