Oil Falls as U.S. Drillers Replace Barrels Lost in OPEC-Led Cuts

  • U.S. oil rig count climbs this week by 15 to 566; Baker Hughes
  • OPEC, other producers on track to meet target, Algeria says

Oil dropped from a three-week high amid speculation that increased U.S. drilling will boost output, offsetting cuts by OPEC and other producers.

Futures fell 1.1 percent in New York after failing to extend Thursday’s 2 percent rally. Rigs targeting crude in the U.S. rose this week by 15 to 566, the highest since November 2015, according to Baker Hughes Inc. data reported Friday. American crude output is the highest level since April, government data show. Oil supplies from OPEC are plunging this month, according to tanker-tracker Petro-Logistics SA.

"We pushed to the upper end of the band and ran out of steam," Gene McGillian, manager of market research for Tradition Energy in Stamford, Connecticut, said by telephone. "We’re probably going to consolidate and build up for another run higher. When prices move to the upper end of the range we run into a wall of fear that even if the promised cuts are made, they will be made up by higher production in North America."

Last month’s pact between the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and 11 other nations gave hope to a market stuck in a 2 1/2 year slump. While Saudi Arabia says more than 80 percent of the agreed cuts have been implemented, analysts and investors are waiting for data to gauge the extent of the decrease. The International Energy Agency says rising prices will spur U.S. shale output, and drillers are adding more rigs.

West Texas Intermediate for March delivery fell 61 cents to $53.17 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange on Friday. Total volume traded was about 25 percent below the 100-day average.

Earnings Pain

Brent for March settlement dropped 72 cents, or 1.3 percent, to $55.52 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. The global benchmark crude closed at a $2.35 premium to WTI.

Energy shares slipped after Chevron Corp. posted its first annual loss since at least 1980, signaling the difficulties faced by the world’s biggest oil companies as they struggle to emerge from the worst collapse in a generation. The S&P Oil & Gas Exploration and Production Select Industry index fell 1 percent.

U.S. crude output climbed by 17,000 barrels a day to 8.96 million in the week ended Jan. 20, according to an Energy Information Administration report on Wednesday. Rigs targeting crude have risen by 250 to 566 since touching a seven-year low in May, according to Baker Hughes data.

See also: Baker Hughes is drilling in Middle East even as OPEC cutsc

A committee that was formed to monitor the production cuts will meet in Kuwait in mid-March, Boutarfa said in Algiers. Some countries haven’t yet made the full output reduction, but they will increase curbs over the coming months and all are “highly committed” to the deal, Kuwait’s Oil Minister Essam Al-Marzouk said Wednesday.

Oil-market news:

  • U.S. motorists probably would foot the bill for President Donald Trump’s 20 percent border-wall tax as domestic refiners reliant on Mexican crude pass on the cost.
  • Royal Dutch Shell Plc is nearing an agreement to sell a package of U.K. North Sea exploration assets for about $3 billion, according to people familiar with the matter.
  • A slew of blazes at refineries across the globe is shrinking supplies and boosting profits from turning crude into products such as gasoline and diesel.
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