Venezuelan Odyssey for Cash Endures With Delay of New Billsby , , and
With cash hard to find, Venezuelans struggle to make purchases
New currency notes were supposed to have arrived Dec. 15
The largest denomination of Venezuela’s crippled currency was pulled from circulation before the new, larger-denomination bills were able to enter it, ATMs and wallets are mostly empty, and Christmas is just a little more than a week away.
Since Sunday’s shock announcement that (almost) all 100-bolivar notes were being called in by the government to combat the hoarding of currency so worthless that it needs to be weighed to be spent, the past week’s daily scenes of frustrated people crowding banks and automated teller machines to deposit the bills culminated Friday in utter exasperation following President Nicolas Maduro’s announcement late Thursday that the new money would be late.
While debit and credit cards can be used at stores that accept them, buying gasoline is becoming increasingly difficult because most filling stations accept only cash.
“This is terrible -- it makes you feel completely impotent!” complained Wilmer Valero, a 42-year-old heavy-machinery technician, upon visiting a fourth ATM in Caracas Friday morning. “We have money in the bank, but there’s no cash. If this is what Caracas is like, I don’t even want to imagine the interior of the country,” he said before abandoning the bank to try his luck at another ATM.
While Venezuela’s central bank said earlier this month that new bills -- some as large as 20,000 bolivars -- would start to enter circulation Dec. 15, Maduro surprised the country with the plan to pull the 100-bolivar note first. Worth only several U.S. cents on the black market, the 100-bolivar bill was the highest denomination in circulation and accounted for almost 80 percent of the value of all currency ever printed.
With 100s now useless, and smaller bills hard to find and practically worthless because of triple-digit inflation, Venezuelans are struggling to get the hard currency they need for daily transactions in a country where 40 percent of the population doesn’t have a bank account. The credit and debit card network, meanwhile, is infamous for its poor reliability.
“The new bills will enter in the course of this week, next week, the last week of December and the first week of January,” Maduro said late Thursday evening in a national address while displaying new 500-bolivar and 1,000-bolivar notes. He also cut short a final deadline to deposit any remaining bills at the central bank in Caracas to Dec. 20.
It was difficult to find anyone on the streets who had seen -- let alone touched -- the new notes. Luis Zerpa, a 67-year-old truck driver, said he visited three ATMs this morning with no luck as he waited to fill up his Chevrolet Hilux at a gas station in eastern Caracas that was no longer accepting 100-bolivar notes. He said a friend lent him 1,000 bolivars -- in a stack of 100 10-bolivar notes, each of which is only worth less than a half of one U.S. cent -- so that he could pay.
“Things are only going to get worse,” Zerpa said. “So much for Christmas. I don’t even want to think what January is going to be like.”
As of Friday morning, a shipment of new 500-bolivar bills printed by Boston-based Crane Currency at its facility in Sweden was still waiting for a charter plane to Venezuela, according to a person with direct knowledge of the matter who isn’t authorized to speak publicly on the issue.
Crane Currency and Venezuela’s central bank didn’t respond to e-mailed requests for comment.
Caracas-based newspaper El Nacional reported that protests were breaking out in southern Bolivar state, while Maracaibo-based newspaper Panorama reported that some looting was breaking out in Venezuela’s second-largest city and posted photos and videos of authorities deploying tear gas.
“None of these measures made sense from an economic perspective,” Henkel Garcia, director of Caracas-based consulting company Econometrica, said in a telephone interview. “It’s almost as if it was done to create chaos in the street. We’ve already seen some protests, and it could intensify in the coming hours. To take all the cash off the streets -- the little that was left -- it was foolish.”
In downtown Caracas, hundreds of people, some of them elderly and disabled, waited in lines that stretched several blocks to deposit their 100-bolivar bills at the central bank before the notes become worthless. Dozens of portable toilets were set up outside as people braced for a long wait. Police and National Guard were controlling the throng pressing to gain entry to the bank, and some of the crowd departed after seeing the lines, saying they would throw the money away and take the loss.
Maduro, speaking Friday afternoon, acknowledged the problems brought on by taking the 100-bolivar bill out of circulation.
“There have been difficulties and there may be difficulties while we overcome this situation, but it was obligatory, unavoidable,” the president said on state television. Maduro said he instructed the central bank to quickly distribute new 10-bolivar, 50-bolivar and 100-bolivar coins as well as 50-bolivar and 500-bolivar bills, while thanking Venezuelans for their “understanding, consciousness, all their support.”
Time to Wait
Carlos Palacios, a 75-year-old retiree, said he came from the coastal city of La Guaira to deposit his savings of 13,900 bolivars, which on the black market would only be worth just a few dollars.
“I couldn’t get to Caracas earlier,” he said in an interview outside the bank. “My nephew brought me today. This is tough. I have asthma. Let’s see if they let me deposit it.”
People turning in their 100-bolivar bills directly at the central bank were given a piece of paper saying that they could collect the new bills once they’ve arrived in about five days at a branch of state-run Banco de Venezuela. They weren’t given money in return.
Jose Escobar, a 79-year-old retired policeman, said he had been in line outside the central bank since 8 a.m. (9 a.m. EST) and was hoping to exchange his savings of 8,000 bolivars.
“I couldn’t come any earlier,” he said. “I’m diabetic and have had heart surgery. My daughters left me here while they went to try and buy food. Everything is so disorganized. I hope I make it to the counter.”