OPEC Said to Defer Question of Iran, Iraq Cuts for Ministers

  • Russian preference for freeze emerges as a potential problem
  • Officials in Vienna discussed implementation of Algiers accord

OPEC Failed to Agree on Iraq, Iran Cuts

OPEC talks in Vienna Tuesday didn’t resolve whether Iraq and Iran will join any production cuts, instead deferring the crucial matter to ministers who will meet on Nov. 30, said two delegates.

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While Libya’s OPEC governor Mohamed Oun said the meeting ended with a consensus that will be presented to ministers, he declined to comment on whether the group’s second and third largest members are willing to limit output.

The continuing questions around Iranian and Iraqi production don’t make a deal impossible next week, the delegates said, asking not to be named because the talks are private. However, the lack of agreement Tuesday leaves open the possibility the group fails to implement the cuts first outlined in late September.

Officials leaving the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries headquarters in Vienna told reporters they have agreed on most details and that they were happy with the outcome of Tuesday’s talks. But on top of the pending Iran and Iraq issue, securing cooperation from non-members including Russia has emerged as a mounting concern among some OPEC countries, said one delegate. Saudi Arabia and its allies in the 14-nation group want Russia to cut output rather than freeze it, the delegate said.

“Just as the market has become optimistic about the prospects for an OPEC deal, challenges have emerged,” Amrita Sen, chief oil analyst at consultant Energy Aspects Ltd. in London, said in a note to clients. “Iran and Iraq are now revisiting their demands for exemptions, seeking to pressure Saudi Arabia to do all the work.”

How to Cut?

OPEC reached a preliminary agreement in Algiers on Sept. 28 to reduce collective output to 32.5 million to 33 million barrels a day, compared with the group’s estimate of 33.6 million in October. Technical experts from member countries met in Vienna this week in an attempt to figure out how to share the cuts. While the talks focused on reaching the lower end of that production range, some members continued to resist Iran and Iraq’s argument that they should be exempt from reducing output, said one delegate.

The technical committee proposed that all members except Nigeria and Libya reduce their output by between 4 and 5 percent, two delegates said. For most nations, this reduction would be based on the OPEC secretariat’s assessment of the level they pumped in October, they said.

To accommodate Iran and Iraq’s special circumstances, the committee proposed allowing them to lower production from a different level, one of the delegates said. For Iran, this would be the amount produced before international sanctions were imposed in 2012, the delegate said. It was unclear whether the countries would accept these terms, which are yet to be presented to their oil ministers.

Market Impact

If there’s no agreement to restrict output, the International Energy Agency has said that oil prices are likely to fall in 2017. OPEC’s own estimates of supply and demand also show that the Algiers agreement would barely drain a record oil surplus next year without the cooperation of non-members such as Russia, the world’s largest energy exporter. West Texas Intermediate crude, the U.S. benchmark, fell 0.2 percent to $47.94 a barrel at 1:34 p.m. Singapore time on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Deferring the question of Iran and Iraq’s participation to the ministerial meeting means the group won’t have a finalized agreement to present to Russia and other non-members at a meeting scheduled for Nov. 28 in Vienna. Moscow has insisted OPEC should reach an internal deal before seeking the backing of other producers. President Vladimir Putin has also repeatedly said he would prefer to freeze output at current record levels to making cuts.

In public, OPEC delegates characterized this week’s meeting as making progress. “There is certainty that everybody is on board,” Nigerian OPEC delegate Ibrahim Waya told reporters on his way into the meeting on Tuesday. “Everyone knows that the stakes are high.”

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