Ukraine Says Russia Preparing Grounds for Invasion

At least three people were killed in a clash in Slovyansk in eastern Ukraine, the nation’s Interior Ministry said, as a top security official accused Russia of exploiting the violence to prepare grounds for an invasion.

Three “activists” were shot to death while on duty at a roadblock in an attack early today that also left three other people injured, the ministry said in a posting on its website. It said the assailants took “wounded and killed along with them,” without providing details. Ukraine’s Security Service said saboteurs carried out the assault.

Russia’s Foreign Ministry blamed the Ukrainian nationalist group Pravyi Sektor for the violence -- an allegation that Pravyi Sektor denied in a statement. Viktoria Syumar, first deputy head of the National Security and Defense Council in Kiev, said on her Facebook page that Russia’s accusation and statements show it is preparing grounds to invade Ukraine.

Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk called Russia a “threat to the globe” in an interview on NBC’s “Meet the Press” program that was recorded yesterday. “If Russia pulls back its security forces and former KGB agents, this would definitely calm down the situation and stabilize the situation in southern and eastern Ukraine,” he said.

Military Outposts

Ukrainian Defense Ministry spokesman Dmytro Horbunov said in a telephone interview with Channel 5 television today that there have been three to four cases of “provocations” by unknown people against Ukrainian military outposts in the Luhansk region in the eastern part of the country. The provocations consisted of throwing rocks and fireworks, the spokesman said.

The discord adds to skepticism about whether Ukraine, the U.S., and the European Union will be able to use an April 17 Geneva accord to hold Vladimir Putin accountable for easing tensions that the Russian president says he’s had no role in creating.

With separatists holding their ground in several eastern cities, the prospect for a small-scale civil war has increased, said Angela Stent, director of the Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies at Georgetown University in Washington.

“I see this as a creeping destabilization,” Stent said in an interview today. “I’m not sure it’s a civil war yet, but the pre-conditions for a civil war are there.”

Geneva Agreement

Nothing has been done to implement the agreement reached in Geneva last week among the U.S., European Union, Russian and Ukraine that was aimed at defusing the crisis, she said.

“I see nothing that persuades me that anyone will be able to dislodge these people,” Stent said of the pro-Russia separatists who have occupied government buildings in the Russian-speaking East.

Any civil war likely would be confined to those eastern towns, where the separatist movement is based, said Stent, author of a new book on U.S.-Russian relations called “The Limits of Partnership.”

“It’s not a large-scale civil war, but it’s political paralysis because nothing’s going to move forward,” she said.

Ukraine’s Economic Minister Pavlo Sheremeta, speaking on the private television channel 1+1, said today officials expect the International Monetary Fund to act this week on a loan to the country. Ukraine’s government sealed a preliminary accord with the IMF last month for as much as $18 billion in loans in the next two years. The rescue would unlock additional international financing bringing the total package to $27 billion.

Cold War

Russia’s ambassador to the U.S., Sergei Kislyak, said new economic sanctions on his country would amount to “the revival of the Cold War mentality” and would be counter-productive.

“We can withstand pressures,” Kislyak said on “Fox News Sunday” today. Claims that Putin seeks to restore the former Soviet Union are “a false notion” and Russia seeks only to ensure that Ukraine becomes “a country that is democratic, that supports the rights of all the ethnic groups, including certainly Russia’s, and we want to have a friendly neighbor,” Kislyak said.

U.S. Senator Bob Corker of Tennessee, the top-ranking Republican on the Foreign Relations Committee, said the Obama administration should impose sanctions on Russia’s energy and banking industries unless there’s an immediate withdrawal of Russian troops from the Ukraine border.

‘Day Late’

“Our foreign policy is always a day late and a dollar short because we’re reacting,” Corker said on “Meet the Press” program today.

Senator Chris Murphy of Connecticut, a Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee, echoed Corker’s call for stronger action.

“I think the time is now to rapidly ratchet up our sanctions, whether it’s on Russian petrochemical companies or on Russian banks,” Murphy said on “Meet the Press.”

Geoffrey Pyatt, the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, said he’s hopeful that Ukraine can avoid a civil war.

“What I hear from Ukrainians across the board, and especially on this Easter holiday, is a desire to bring everybody together,” Pyatt said on CNN’s “State of the Union” program today.

“There are obviously efforts from small, isolated groups to stir division,” Pyatt said. “But that’s not what I hear from most Ukrainians, including, I should add, Ukrainians in the East.”

Separatists who stage demonstrations and take over government buildings don’t represent the majority of Ukrainians, he said. “We’re really just talking about a couple of hundred of people at most of these sites.”