Violence Halts Mining on a Philippine Island

On Mindanao, companies deal with rebels, gangs, and death squads
Security at the Tampakan mine site Photograph by Michael Coyne

Cris Bual’s work as an executive for mining giant Xstrata, on the Philippine island of Mindanao, made him a target for Maoist rebels, armed bandits, and just about anyone with a gun for hire. Traveling to work in the island’s badlands from his home in the relative safety of Davao City, the island’s metropolis, Bual, a Filipino, kept his schedule and route secret. That wasn’t enough to save him.

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