President Turgut Ozal hopes to parlay Ankara's support for the war against Saddam Hussein into an active role in reshaping Iraq's postwar political structure. Ozal wants to head off independence moves by Iraq's Kurdish minority for fear that Turkey's 12 million Kurds might try to follow suit. Instead, Ozal proposes a postwar confederation in Iraq of Arabs, Kurds, and a small minority of ethnic Turks--guaranteed by Turkey, Syria, and Iran.

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