Bloomberg Billionaires Index

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#64 Elaine Marshall $16.3B

Random fact: Late husband established trust in Liechtenstein for grandchildren.

Overview

Marshall is a director of Koch Industries, the second-largest closely held business in the U.S. The Wichita, Kansas-based conglomerate has operations in oil, commodities and paper pulp, and has annual revenue of about $100 billion. She inherited a 15 percent stake from her late husband, E. Pierce Marshall.

As of Sept. 21, 2017:
Last change -$44.6M (-0.3%)
YTD change +$643M (+4.1%)
Industry Industrial
Biggest asset Georgia-Pacific
Citizenship United States
Age 75
Wealth Inherited
View net worth over:   Max 1 year 1 quarter 1 month 1 week

Relative Value

Elaine Marshall's net worth of $16.3B can buy ...

0
troy ounces of gold
0
barrels of crude oil

... and is equivalent to ...

0%
of the GDP of the United States
0%
of the total wealth of the 500 richest people in the world
0%
of the top 100 U.S. college endowments
0%
of the top 200 U.S. executives’ total awarded compensation
0%
of U.S. existing home sales
0
times the median U.S. household income

Latest News

Net Worth Summary

Cash
Private asset
Public asset
Misc. liabilities
Confidence rating:

Marshall's fortune is derived from a 14.6 percent stake in Koch Industries, a closely held industrial conglomerate that reports annual revenue of "as high as $100 billion" on its website. The figure was used in the analysis as of Nov. 30, 2016, after company lowered the figure on the site from "as much as $115 billion," citing commodity prices as the cause for the fall. Koch Industries is the second-largest closely held company in the U.S. based on sales, according to the PrivCo 250 ranking for 2016.

Units for which revenue could be obtained or derived are valued independently. Paper and pulp producer Georgia-Pacific had $19.4 billion of revenue, according to an October 2015 credit report from Moody's, and polymer and fiber producer Invista had revenue of $5.4 billion, according to a September 2015 Moody's report. Combined revenue for Flint Hills Resources, Koch Pipelines and Koch Fertilizer is calculated to be $60.8 billion the using the sales-per-barrel, sales-per-pipeline mile or sales-per-metric ton of select industry peers and the corresponding data reported by the Koch businesses. Revenue of $4.1 billion for electronic components manufacturer Molex was calculated by applying a 4 percent annual growth rate derived from conversations with four industry analysts to its last reported $3.6 billion of revenue in 2013.

The remaining group revenue -- $10.3 billion -- is attributed to Koch's commodity trading, financial services, ranching and pollution-control equipment subsidiaries and included at a price-to-sales multiple of one. Valuation details for the units analyzed individually can be found in the asset notes for each.

The billionaire declined to comment through a family spokesman in August 2016.

Biography

Birthdate: 7/1942
Family: Widowed, 2 children

America's fourth-richest woman is a director and shareholder at Koch Industries and the widow of E. Pierce Marshall, the youngest son of J. Howard Marshall II. Elaine Marshall's inherited 14.6 percent stake in the Wichita, Kansas-based company represents the fruit of a five decades-plus partnership between the Marshall and Koch families.

The partnership began in 1959, when Fred C. Koch acquired a 35 percent stake in Great Northern Oil Company, a Minnesota-based refinery co-founded by J. Howard Marshall. A decade later, Marshall exchanged his remaining stake in Great Northern for Koch Industries shares.

In 1974, Howard Marshall gave each of his two sons, J. Howard Marshall III and Pierce, 4 percent of Koch Industries voting stock. The Marshall's stock became crucial in a failed 1980 boardroom coup by two Koch brothers, Bill and Frederick. The two siblings were looking to oust their brother, Charles, as CEO and sell shares in an initial public offering. While Bill, Fred and their allies held 48 percent of Koch Industries voting stock, they needed the support of Marshall's sons in order to gain the voting majority. J. Howard Marshall III sided with Bill and Fred; Pierce Marshall demurred. Howard Marshall thwarted the coup by buying back J. Howard III's stock for $8 million. He subsequently disinherited him.

In 1991, Howard Marshall met Vickie Lynn Smith, a single mother who was working as a stripper and waitress in Houston. They married in 1994. By then, Vickie Lynn had changed her name to Anna Nicole Smith and had gained global fame as a model and actress. Four months before Howard Marshall's death in August 1995, Smith sued his son, Pierce, accusing accusing him of interfering with his father’s ability to provide her spousal support. The lawsuit sparked a 16-year legal battle, which ended up twice before the U.S. Supreme Court.

Neither Smith nor Pierce would live to see the end of the legal battle. Pierce died of an infection in 2006; Smith died of a drug overdose the following year at age 39. Elaine was appointed executor and trustee of his estate in May 2006. In June 2011, the Supreme Court upheld a ruling from the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, which awarded the former stripper's estate nothing from the Marshall fortune.

Elaine Marshall resides in Dallas. She has two sons, Preston Marshall and E. Pierce Marshall Jr., and numerous grandchildren.

Milestones
  • 1965 Marries E. Pierce Marshall, with whom she has two sons.
  • 1991 Father-in-law meets Vickie Lynn Smith in a Houston strip club.
  • 1994 Vickie Lynn -- renamed Anna Nicole Smith -- marries J. Howard.
  • 1995 Smith files lawsuit in Texas, states claim to Marshall estate.
  • 1995 J. Howard Marshall dies of heart failure at age 90.
  • 2006 Pierce drafts will and transfers Koch Industries shares to a trust.
  • 2006 Inherits Marshall estate after Pierce dies of an infection at age 67.
  • 2011 Supreme Court reverses district court's authority on Smith's claim to fortune.