Bloomberg Billionaires Index

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#83 Alisher Usmanov $14.6B

Random fact: Heads the International Fencing Federation.

Overview

Usmanov owns 48 percent of USM Holdings, a British Virgin Islands-based entity that controls Metalloinvest, Russia's largest iron ore producer, and mobile phone company MegaFon. He's also invested in Alibaba, Airbnb, JD.Com and Spotify, co-owns U.K. soccer team Arsenal and controls Kommersant, a Russian newspaper.

As of June 19, 2018:
Last change -$71.6M (-0.5%)
YTD change +$95.3M (+0.7%)
Industry Diversified
Biggest asset Cash
Citizenship Russian Federation
Age 64
Wealth Self-made
View net worth over:   Max 1 year 1 quarter 1 month 1 week

Relative Value

Alisher Usmanov's net worth of $14.6B can buy ...

0
troy ounces of gold
0
barrels of crude oil

... and is equivalent to ...

0%
of the GDP of the United States
0%
of the total wealth of the 500 richest people in the world
0%
of the top 100 U.S. college endowments
0%
of the top 200 U.S. executives’ total awarded compensation
0%
of U.S. existing home sales
0
times the median U.S. household income

Latest News

Net Worth Summary

Cash
Private asset
Public asset
Misc. liabilities
Confidence rating:

The majority of Usmanov's fortune is credited as Cash & Other Assets and derived from local media reports and figures provided by his press representatives. Based on Bloomberg calculations, Usmanov netted more than $7 billion from 2012 and 2014 share transactions involving partners Andrey Skoch and Farhad Moshiri.

Usmanov owns 49 percent of Metalloinvest, according to its website in May 2018. Metalloinvest is the largest iron ore producer in Russia, according to the website.

He has a 48 percent stake USM Holdings, a British Virgin Islands-based investment company. USM controls half of MegaFon, a publicly-traded mobile phone company. He's pledged 56.1 percent of his holding to Sberbank as collateral for a line of credit, as reported in February 2017 by Vedomosti, citing disclosure documents.

USM have also invested in Chinese technology company JD.com as well as closely held startups Airbnb and Spotify. It doesn't disclose its exact holdings, which are included using information from public disclosures and USM representatives and an analysis of known selling patterns. Its investments in Chinese smartphone vendor Xiaomi and Didi Kuaidi taxi booking service, as well as Indian e-commerce firm Flipkart and taxi booking service Ola Cabs, aren't included because there isn't enough information about the stakes.

Biography

Birthdate: 9/9/1953
Family: Married, No children
Education: 1997, Financial Academy of Russian Government, Graduated, Banking 1976, Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Bachelor's Degree, Law

Alisher Usmanov was born in 1953 in Chust, Uzbekistan, then a Soviet republic in Central Asia. His father was a prosecutor in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. He graduated from Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1976 and began working in various agencies of the Uzbek government. He later produced plastic bags at a manufacturing plant outside Moscow and traded wholesale tobacco.

In 1998, after five years at a Moscow investment firm, Usmanov was appointed first deputy CEO, and then CEO, of Gazprom investholding, an asset management unit of Gazprom, the world's largest gas producer and exporter. When he led the group, Usmanov worked closely with the company's new management team, which came to power under then-President Vladimir Putin. The team restored Russia's controlling stake in the company and reclaimed the assets that had been divested by the previous management team.

Usmanov built his metals and mining empire by acquisitions. By 2005, he and his partners controlled Lebedinsky GOK, Russia's third-largest iron ore producer, and a few smelters. That year, he teamed up with businessman Vasily Anisimov and took control of Mikhailovsky GOK, Russia's second-largest iron ore producer. The assets were later consolidated into Metalloinvest, which made it the largest iron ore producer in Russia.

Outside of metals, Usmanov began consolidating a stake in MegaFon, the second-biggest mobile phone operator in Russia by subscribers, in 2007. He later raised that stake to 31 percent and, in April 2012, increased his holding to 50 percent plus one share. That allowed him to consolidate ownership and control of the company. In July 2012, he merged his controlling stake in MegaFon with Russian broadband provider Scartel, forming Garsdale. He formed USM Holdings in December 2012, consolidating his assets into a three-way structure that included Ardavan Farhad Moshiri and Andrey Skoch, who controls the shares through his father, Vladimir. He sold 12 percent of USM back to the company in August 2014.

Usmanov is also an investor in the DST group of funds. DST had a 5.5 percent stake in Facebook, as of February 2012, as well as parts of Airbnb, Spotify and Alibaba.

Milestones
  • 1953 Alisher Burkhanovich Usmanov is born in Chust, Uzbekistan.
  • 1976 Graduates from Moscow State Institute of International Relations.
  • 1998 Takes role as first deputy CEO of Gazprom investholding.
  • 2007 Invests in MegaFon; eventually raises stake to 31 percent.
  • 2008 Becomes majority shareholder in Digital Sky Technologies Fund.
  • 2012 After delays, MegaFon completes its IPO in London.
  • 2012 Establishes USM Holdings with billionaires Moshiri and Skoch.
  • 2014 Sells 12 percent of USM Holdings back to the company for about $2 billion.