Technology & Ideas

French Family Makes Billions From 3D Wizardry

Software was the bedrock of Serge Dassault’s fortune.

Forget fighter jets.

Photograph: Dina Rudick/Boston Globe/Getty Images

Serge Dassault, the billionaire French businessman who died on Monday, owed his considerable political clout to his family’s stake in Dassault Aviation SA, the maker of France’s Rafale and Mirage fighter jets. Owning Le Figaro newspaper cemented his influence. 

The chief source of his $27 billion fortune was less glamorous, though: A 41 percent stake in Dassault Systemes SE, which sells 3D design, simulation and industrial data management software.

Compared to fighter jets, this so-called product lifecycle management (PLM) software may sound a little dull. But customers include Tesla Inc., Jeff Bezos’s rocketship company Blue Origin LLC and flying car startup Joby Aviation Inc. Its returns have been anything but drab.

Gaining Altitude

The 3D software maker's stock has surged on rising sales to Silicon Valley and other customers

Source: Bloomberg

Dassault Systemes’ shares have more than doubled over five years, valuing it at 29.9 billion euros ($34.4 billion). Among listed European software vendors, only SAP SE is worth more, according to Bloomberg data. Amadeus IT Group SA, another European tech giant that operates under the radar, isn’t far behind. That performance explains why the 93-year-old Dassault was ranked at 28th on the Bloomberg Billionaires Index when he died.

Had Dassault Systemes’ shares been owned more widely, it probably would have been snapped up by a wealthy U.S. or Asian suitor — a fate that’s befallen quite a few promising European tech companies, including robot maker Kuka AG and chip designer Arm Holdings Plc.

But the Dassault family’s anchor shareholding has given the business breathing space, which it seems to be using well. New license sales expanded by 11 percent last year, pretty decent for a company that was spun out of Dassault Aviation more than three decades ago. The operating margin on a non-IFRS basis swelled to 32 percent. 

A highlight was persuading Boeing Co. to use the company’s 3DExperience software to help modernize its production systems. It didn’t disclose a value, but Le Figaro said the Boeing deal was worth $1 billion.

3D Wealth

About half of the family fortune relates its 41 percent stake in Dassault Systemes

Source: Bloomberg Billionaires Index

Breakdown excludes some assets and liabilities

With the stock trading on 38 times forward earnings, the non-family shareholders are pricing in a lot more going right. Perhaps too much given the fierce competition from Siemens AG, Autodesk Inc and PTC Inc. The shares are 6 percent ahead of the average 12-month price target compiled by Bloomberg from analysts who follow the stock.  

Still, it’s reassuring that 70 percent of software sales are recurring and that the client base is becoming more diverse. Dassault Systemes has been adding customers in life sciences, architecture and consumer goods. Plus there’s 1.5 billion euros of net cash, providing firepower for acquisitions and R&D.

Indeed, if fighter planes were the cornerstone of the Dassault family’s influence during the last century, 3D software will probably take its place in this one. Silicon Valley and China are building the future, but they’re using French tools.

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners.

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