Yes, We're Still Guzzling Gas
Gasoline is going to be really cheap in the U.S. this summer. Here's what the Energy Information Administration had to say in its short-term energy outlook Tuesday:
During the 2016 April-through-September summer driving season, U.S. regular gasoline retail prices are forecast to average $2.04/gallon (gal), compared with $2.63/gal last summer. ... For all of 2016, the forecast average price is $1.94/gal, which if realized would save the average U.S. household about $350 on gasoline in 2016 compared with 2015, with annual average motor fuel expenditures at the lowest level in 12 years.
Run the numbers back to 2000, and the gas-price trajectory looks like this:
With gas getting cheaper, America is driving more. The country set a new record for annual vehicle miles driven in 2014 (and has kept setting records every month since). It has yet to set a new record for gasoline consumption, because vehicles have gotten more fuel efficient, but the EIA is projecting that the U.S. will (just barely) surpass 2007's all-time high this year.
So much for hitting peak environmental impact, eh?
Peak impact is the notion -- which I kinda sorta subscribe to -- that efficiency gains, renewable energy, changing tastes and habits, and slower population growth might be bringing the earth near the point where resource use begins to decline and environmental degradation begins to reverse. A related notion is "decoupling," meaning that economic and social progress are no longer necessarily dependent on increased resource use. Linus Blomqvist of the Breakthrough Institute, an environmental think tank that's big on decoupling, wrote a useful roundup last month of recent research -- some of which showed evidence of decoupling, and some of which did not.
Record-high gasoline use would seem to fall into the latter category, and is perhaps an indication that some apparent recent signs of decoupling were instead the temporary product of a weak global economy and high prices for energy and other natural resources. Now, in the U.S., the economy is pretty strong and gas is pretty cheap -- so we're consuming more of it. And, yeah, maybe some of that talk about millennials turning away from consumer society in general, and cars in particular, was a little premature.
Still, I'm not willing to give up on decoupling. In fact, there's another way to look at the gasoline-consumption data that paints a different picture. Here's per-person U.S. gasoline consumption since 1960:
Per-person gasoline use peaked in the U.S. in 1978, and has basically been on a plateau (or at least a series of gently rolling hills) since the early 1980s. That's despite light trucks (minivans, sport utility vehicles and pickup trucks) pushing aside cars as Americans' vehicles of choice, and electric cars going through disappointment after disappointment.
Gas prices will go up again. Population growth will keep slowing. Electric vehicles will surely find their footing eventually. Self-driving cars might bring more efficient energy use. Virtual reality might reduce the need for travel. I still think we're getting close to peak overall gasoline use. But we're not there yet.
The EIA also projects gasoline prices and consumption for 2017 -- and says prices will be slightly higher and consumption slightly lower than in 2016. I left 2017 off the charts, though, because I don't put much stock in projections that far into the future. Gas prices and consumption in 2017 will be strongly affected by what oil prices do between now and then, and no one knows what oil prices will do between now and then.
The EIA reports gasoline consumption in barrels, which I multiplied by 42 to get gallons. For the U.S. population, I used this handy Google Fusion compilation for the years through 2010, the Census Bureau's Vintage 2015 annual estimates for 2011 through 2015 and the Census Bureau's 2014 National Population Projections for 2016.
For those who might object that electric vehicles have already found their footing: Yes, they've been on a great run lately. But they still account for less than 1 percent of total light vehicle sales in the U.S.
This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners.
To contact the author of this story:
Justin Fox at firstname.lastname@example.org
To contact the editor responsible for this story:
Zara Kessler at email@example.com