Not Everyone Wants to Be the Boss

It’s been a tough stretch for Holacracy.

Who's the boss at Zappos?

Photographer:Ethan Miller/Getty Images

It’s been a tough stretch for Holacracy, the boss-free management system that not long ago seemed like it might be about to take the world (or at least a few techie corners of it) by storm. Last week, online shoe retailer Zappos -- which began testing the system in 2013 and went full Holacrat last spring -- fell off Fortune’s 100 Best Companies to Work For list for the first time in eight years. And on Friday, digital publisher Medium announced that it had “decided to move beyond Holacracy” in part because “the system had begun to exert a small but persistent tax on both our effectiveness, and our sense of connection to each other.”

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