A Brokered Republican Convention? Keep Dreaming: Albert R. Hunt

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Feb. 27 (Bloomberg) -- If Mitt Romney loses the Feb. 28 primary in Michigan, panic will set in among Republican politicians and big contributors; talk of a brokered convention or a late-entering candidate will reach a crescendo.

To be sure, the Republican presidential contest could be in shambles. If Romney then loses Ohio the following week, he’s a severely -- as he might put it -- wounded ex-front-runner. If former Pennsylvania Senator Rick Santorum wins these two contests, there will be fresh tension over his general-election prospects.

Party leaders, such as they are, will place frantic calls to former Florida Governor Jeb Bush or current governors Mitch Daniels of Indiana and Chris Christie of New Jersey, or even to Congressman Paul Ryan of Wisconsin. The dream of almost every political reporter is for the first truly brokered convention in more than 75 years.

It’s not going to happen.

First, Romney is a slight favorite in Michigan. Even if he’s upset, it won’t lead to the brokered-convention scenario. I talked last week with five Republicans who would be on anyone’s list of the 25 most influential in the party. They all dismissed such prospects. (Pick most among the 25 and you get the same answer; some, such as Karl Rove, have said so publicly). A late entry is a non-starter, as is a candidate who hasn’t contested for the nomination.

Michigan and Ohio

For better or worse, voters, not power brokers, pick presidential nominees. If Romney wins Michigan and Ohio, he’s right back to being the overwhelming favorite to win the nomination. If his nightmare scenario unfolds, Santorum becomes the favorite, with Romney still in the game.

A Romney loss will bring a cry for a new candidate. Anyone entering the race in late-February could still compete in more than half of the primaries. As late as June 5, there are primaries in California, New Jersey, New Mexico and Montana, offering 271 delegates, or more than have been chosen so far.

Except, there’s no natural candidate. The most logical would be Jeb Bush, a seasoned adult acceptable to almost all elements of the party. The 59-year-old Bush, however, has made it clear to associates and those who ask that for personal and political reasons he won’t run this year. Informed sources say this hasn’t changed.

Two current governors, Daniels, 62, and Christie, 49, have been mentioned. None of the reasons that caused them not to run -- the Indiana chief executive lacks the fire in the belly and the New Jersey chief executive has said he wasn’t ready for the White House, and both would have problems with the cultural right -- have changed.

The freshest new face would be Ryan, 42, the articulate chairman of the House Budget Committee, who is a genuine ideas man. He’s never run outside his southeastern Wisconsin district, and in a national contest, he probably would resemble the proverbial can’t-miss baseball prospect who’s rushed to the Major Leagues too soon and never achieves his potential.

Who would be the brokers and who would be the brokees?

Voters and politicians who have participated in the process wouldn’t be happy about turning to someone who hasn’t.

“A candidate needs to be vetted,” says Claira Monier, the co-chairwoman of the Santorum effort in New Hampshire. “If we’re not going to vet our nominee, why have a primary process?”

A brokered convention is a political relic. In the last 28 conventions of both parties, the nominee was picked on the first ballot.

Ford and Reagan

The most closely contested was in 1976, after Gerald Ford, the incumbent Republican president, and his challenger, Ronald Reagan, finished the primaries in early June dead even.

Ford, using the perquisites of office, was picking off a handful of delegates every few days until the conservative challenger delivered a shocker by announcing that he had tapped a liberal Pennsylvania senator, Richard Schweiker, as his running mate. As the two camps went to the Kansas City convention, the president enjoyed a slight lead. The Reagan high command brilliantly chose to wage a fight over a rule that would have forced Ford to announce his running mate in advance and probably tilted the nomination toward Reagan. The Ford camp prevailed by a couple dozen votes.

It was high drama, with circumstances that were totally different from anything this time. There were two compelling candidates and the argument was over who was stronger, not who has the greatest deficiencies; no one ever mentioned a compromise candidate.

Romney and Santorum aren’t Reagan or Ford, leading Republicans fear; almost no one gives Ron Paul or Newt Gingrich any serious shot at the nomination, though they could be in a position to cut deals by late August, when Republicans reach Tampa for the convention.

Of the front-runners, even politicians disposed to support Romney and who believe he is the strongest candidate against President Barack Obama, are taken aback by the persistent resistance to his nomination from a sizeable faction of Republican conservatives. By the end of January, the former Massachusetts governor had more money, endorsements, experience as a candidate, and had won New Hampshire, almost won Iowa and ran away with Florida. In past years that would have been game, set, match. Not this time.

In Santorum’s case, it’s the lack of peer support that is striking. Of the 78 Republicans he served with in the Senate, only one is backing him. Almost no major Republican from his home state of Pennsylvania is a backer. You get a blank stare when you ask leading party professionals about Santorum’s inner circle.

Still, the odds in Las Vegas this week are around 90 percent that one of these two men will be the party’s nominee. Here is some solace for the Republican nervous Nellies: At this same stage in the campaign, both Reagan and Bill Clinton looked like losers. Ok, it’s a reach; it’s the best they have.

(Albert R. Hunt is the executive editor for Washington at Bloomberg News. The opinions expressed are his own.)

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To contact the writer of this column: Albert Hunt in Washington at ahunt1@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this column: Max Berley at mberley@bloomberg.net.