Christie’s Gas Tax Hike Is Turnabout for Small-Government Championby
The Trump advisor had signed pledge against higher levies
Ex-governors warn of holes awaiting future N.J. spending plans
Even as New Jersey Governor Chris Christie prepares to end a standoff on $16 billion in transportation funding, critics say he is damaging his image as a small-government crusader and deepening the state’s fiscal hole.
Christie, 54, an adviser to Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump, on Friday announced a deal with Democratic legislative leaders to add 23 cents per gallon to New Jersey’s 14.5-cent gas levy and reduce consumer taxes elsewhere. The extra revenue would pay for $2 billion in Transportation Trust Fund road and rail projects in each of eight years, and lawmakers will ask voters to restrict the revenue to those uses.
Like Trump, Christie cast himself as a fiscal conservative eager to reduce burdens on individuals and businesses. He’s turned down attempts to impose higher rates on top earners and reduced corporate levies, a strategy that Trump, 70, says he would pursue on a federal level. Christie says he’s vetoed all other tax increases approved by lawmakers.
He told reporters in a hastily arranged press conference late Friday that he insisted on a trade-off: a reduction in the 7 percent retail sales tax to 6.6 percent by 2018; the end of the estate tax; and an earned-income tax credit of 35 percent rather than 30 percent. With a vote set for Wednesday, though, lawmakers said they lacked details on the consequences.
“You don’t announce this kind of proposal at 5 o’clock on Friday if you think it’s going to be met with people dancing in the street,” said Senator Jennifer Beck, 49, a Republican from Red Bank, who estimated at least a $550 million annual loss in general-fund revenue. Her district office, she said, was flooded with complaints from constituents who objected to paying $200 or more annually for gas. “It will be a blemish on his legacy.”
Brian Murray, a spokesman for Christie, didn’t immediately respond to an e-mail asking for comment on any revenue loss.
The transportation impasse was weighed with the state’s pension obligation in reports issued in August by Fitch Ratings and S&P Global Ratings. Though they left New Jersey’s credit rating unchanged, at sixth highest, each warned that the state appeared unable to resolve its chief financial troubles, including an $83 billion unfunded pension liability. Only Illinois has lower credit scores.
“This is a good start in the right direction,” said Matt Dalton, chief executive of Rye Brook, New York-based Belle Haven Investments, which has about 5 percent of its $5.5 billion in assets in New Jersey debt. Still, he didn’t know whether the gas-tax maneuver would offset the other tax cuts for “a net-net positive.”
Prices of Transportation Trust Fund bonds have climbed amid steady demand for tax-exempt income from New Jersey residents after plunging at the start of 2014. A 6.561 percent bond maturing in 2040 traded Monday at $1.21 per $1,000 face value, to yield 5.07 percent. The securities traded below 100 cents on the dollar about a year ago.
The gasoline tax will bolster a fragile balance sheet. Former Democratic Governor Jim Florio, 79, voted out of office in 1993 in response to broader, higher sales taxes, said “there’s no other solution.” In July, as the state was one month from exhausting its most recent $8 billion, multiyear transportation fund, Christie halted work on $3.5 billion in road and rail improvements. Still, Florio said, it was reckless to promise other breaks to re-start the projects.
“The net result of this is going to be tremendously difficult,” Florio said by telephone. You’re already on the minus side in terms of fiscal integrity.”
Since he took office in January 2010, Christie has fought to strip New Jersey of its distinction as the U.S. state with the highest property taxes. Amid his ill-fated presidential campaign in August 2015, he signed a pledge, sponsored by the fiscally conservative Americans for Tax Reform, to “oppose and veto any and all efforts to increase taxes.”
Last month, the Washington group pointed out that the governor favored balancing the gasoline-tax increase with cuts elsewhere, and said that lawmakers’ voting for it “would clearly constitute a violation of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge.”
Grover Norquist, founder and president of Americans for Tax Reform and a Trump backer, said Christie remains true to the pledge because permanent, broad cuts would bring relief in many areas.
“It’s a constitutional requirement that transportation money be spent on transportation, and other states are moving toward that,” Norquist said. Politically, he said, it would be difficult for future administrations to do away with the estate tax and earned-income credit.
The higher gas costs would be immediate after the governor signs the measure, as early as Wednesday, after the Senate and Assembly vote.
“It’s a bait-and-switch,” state Senator Michael Doherty, a 53-year-old Republican from Warren County. “Everything delivered to stores and supermarkets has to go in a truck, and you’ve got to pay for those gas costs somehow. We’re going to lose a lot of businesses.”
Christie has said the other changes to the tax code balance that.
The plan “represents tax fairness,” Christie said last week. “This is the first broad-based tax cut for all New Jerseyans since 1994, which is much-needed. At the same time we are going to have constitutionally dedicated revenue to improve roads, bridges and the mass transit systems.”
Thomas H. Kean, 81, the Republican governor who established the trust fund as a pay-as-you-go account in 1984, said the gasoline-tax increase was necessary because both political parties “screwed it up over the years.” He said it would make more sense, though, to skip Christie’s trade-offs and go for a per-gallon increase of as little as 16 cents.
“It’s too small to make a difference,” Kean, speaking by telephone, said of consumers’ benefit from the retail sales-tax decrease. “Any difference it makes is going to put a hole in the next governor’s budget.”