Senate Bid to Fund Government Must Get Through Warren, Cruz

Senator Elizabeth Warren, a Democrat from Massachusetts, center, talks to an aide during a Senate Banking Committee hearing in Washington, D.C., U.S., on Tuesday, July 8, 2014.

Photographer: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg

The Senate is poised to take up a $1.1 trillion U.S. government spending bill opposed by two senators who agree on almost nothing -- Democrat Elizabeth Warren and Republican Ted Cruz.

Timing for a Senate vote is uncertain. The House today extended government funding through Dec. 17, giving the Senate until then to act without risking a shutdown.

“The bill achieves many of our important priorities,” Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said on the Senate floor today. “There are senators who are unhappy with this legislation, and they will have a chance to make their objections heard.”

Warren of Massachusetts and Louisiana Republican David Vitter introduced an amendment today to strip an unrelated banking provision from the spending bill.

“Congress should not put taxpayers on the hook for another bailout, and this giveaway that was drafted by Citigroup lobbyists has no place in a critical government funding bill,” Warren said in a statement.

The House passed the proposal 219-206 late yesterday, just hours before government funding was set to lapse, after a day of discord over the measure. Reid said he hopes the Senate will finish the measure today, though it would take cooperation from all senators. That includes Warren and Cruz.

Derivatives Trades

Warren is leading Senate Democrats’ opposition to the banking language, demanded by Republicans, that would ease rules enacted to protect taxpayers against bank losses after souring derivatives trades helped cause the 2008 financial crisis.

“This by definition was a compromise bill,” President Barack Obama said today. “This is what’s produced when we have the divided government that the American people voted for.”

The banking provision, which prompted vehement opposition from Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and other House Democrats and held up a vote yesterday, would let JPMorgan Chase & Co., Citigroup Inc. and other lenders keep swaps trading in units with federal backstops.

Cruz of Texas has said he will use all possible procedural tactics to add language to the spending measure blocking implementation of Obama’s immigration order. The president said Nov. 20 that he would temporarily halt deportations for about 5 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S., a move Republicans including Cruz describe as amnesty.

Defunding Obamacare

Last year, he led the drive to defund Obamacare that resulted in a 16-day partial government shutdown.

“Senator Cruz continues to pursue a vote on defunding the president’s amnesty,” spokeswoman Catherine Frazier said today.

Democratic opposition to the swaps provision, and unease among some Republicans that the bill didn’t block Obama’s immigration order, threatened to scuttle the measure yesterday in the House.

With government funding set to expire at midnight, the House vote on the bill was delayed for seven hours as Speaker John Boehner sought to round up Republican support, and Obama and other White House officials telephoned Democrats.

“I know that the president was whipping and he was supporting this bill and I know that Jamie Dimon was whipping,” said Representative Maxine Waters, a California Democrat, referring to Dimon, chairman of JPMorgan. “That’s an odd combination.”

‘Strong Pitch’

House Democrats met with White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough, who “made a very strong pitch” for the bill, said Representative Chaka Fattah of Pennsylvania.

The spending measure would fund most of the government through September.

The dispute over the banking rule is a preview of Republican plans to roll back other business regulations when they take control of both chambers in 2015.

Pelosi, in a message to fellow Democrats yesterday, said Republicans’ inability to pass the bill on their own “increases our leverage to get two offensive provisions of the bill removed: the bank bailout and big money for campaigns provision.” Still, those provisions remained in the bill, H.R. 83, which passed with the support of 162 Republicans and 57 Democrats and was opposed by 67 Republicans and 139 Democrats.

White House spokesman Josh Earnest said today that even with yesterday’s rare policy disagreement between Pelosi and Obama, the two have the same priorities.

‘Great Risk’

“It’s hard to think of anybody who the president has worked with more closely or more successfully than leader Pelosi,” Earnest told reporters. He also said, “People who underestimate Nancy Pelosi do so at great risk.”

Senator John McCain of Arizona, the Republican nominee when Obama was elected president in 2008, said today that the disagreement between Obama and Pelosi demonstrated the kind of intra-party divisions that are typical after a major electoral loss.

“It sure is fun to watch from the other side,” McCain said.

The campaign provision would permit a tenfold increase in donations that individuals can make to national political parties each year, to $324,000 from $32,400.

It would let donors give $97,200 a year to each of three party committees for conventions, to pay for building funds and to finance the expenses for recounts and legal challenges to election results.

A deal on the spending bill was announced Dec. 9 after Senate Democratic negotiators accepted the banking rule changes and Republican demands on other policy provisions.

Party Leaders

Democrats supporting the bill included Representatives Jim Clyburn of South Carolina and Steny Hoyer of Maryland, both members of the party leadership, and John Dingell of Michigan, who is leaving the House after 59 years, the longest tenure in history.

Republican opponents included Tom Cotton of Arkansas, who was elected to the Senate last month, and Dave Brat of Virginia, who defeated former Majority Leader Eric Cantor in a primary this year.

Though Democrats weren’t pleased about the policy provisions, they said they beat back dozens of others that Republicans had sought, including revisions focused on environmental and labor protections.

The Department of Homeland Security, responsible for immigration policy, would be financed only through Feb. 27. Republicans want to use the agency’s spending bill to block Obama from easing deportation rules for millions of undocumented immigrants.

Clean-Water Laws

The funding measure would allow exceptions to clean-water laws for agricultural refuse, and block the District of Columbia from spending money to legalize marijuana following a voter-approved measure allowing possession of as much as 2 ounces for personal use.

The plan would roll back safety rules on rest for truck drivers, ignoring the pleas of consumer activists and Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx.

The provision would temporarily suspend rules while a study is conducted about the number of trucks driven on congested roads. Under the change, truckers would be able to work as many as 82 hours a week.

The plan includes a proposal sought by the National Rifle Association that lets gun manufacturers use lead to produce ammunition, and a labor provision exempting claim adjusters from overtime requirements during major disasters.

The measure would seek to shore up the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. by allowing some underfunded multiemployer pension plans to reduce benefits. The provision reflects an agreement by House Education and the Workforce Committee Chairman John Kline, a Minnesota Republican, and senior Democrat George Miller, a California Democrat.

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