Photographer: Carl Court/Getty Images
Photographer: Carl Court/Getty Images

A Hard Life Gets Harder When Winter Comes to 'The Jungle'

Winter temperatures are near freezing in Northern France, where thousands of refugees are living in squalid conditions in the so-called Jungle - a camp near Calais - from where many will attempt to make their way on to the U.K.

Over a million migrants and refugees reached Europe in 2015, according to the International Organization for Migration, making it the worst refugee crisis since World War II. Many are looking for safe havens, having escaped persecution in home countries such as Eritrea, Somalia, Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria. Some 5,000 to 7,000 have found their way to this makeshift camp.

A Banksy artwork featuring Apple founder Steve Jobs adorns a wall in the 'Jungle.' The camp began its life after a migrant reception center at Sangatte, west of Calais, closed in 2002.

Photographer: Carl Court/Getty Images

A new camp under construction next to the 'Jungle' camp on the left. Many migrants and refugees try to board trucks bound for the U.K. at the nearby port complex.

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Between 5,000 and 7,000 men, women and children live in the camp in makeshift shelters.

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An Eritrean orthodox church in the camp.

Photographer: Carl Court/Getty Images

An Afghan youth washes his clothes next to his makeshift shelter.

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An Afghan migrant poses inside a shop selling soft drinks and snacks. Many businesses have sprung up within the camp including barbers, food outlets and general stores selling snacks and cigarettes.

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A boy pushes a water barrel through a puddle - the conditions in the camp are squalid and disease is rife. 

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A South Sudanese man prepares a fire in his shelter - the vast majority of refugees seeking safety in Europe made perilous journeys across the Mediterranean Sea.

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Migrants talk on their phones next to a security fence at the edge of the camp.

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An Afghan migrant cooks in a canteen, one of many small businesses carving out an existence in the camp.

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The camp, located near Calais's major port complex, is built on a dump.

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The UN refugee agency UNHCR expressed concern about women and children in the Calais camp being vulnerable to exploitation and trafficking.

Photographer: Carl Court/Getty Images