The Zaatari refugee camp, home to thousands of Syrians fleeing the civil war, is now the second-largest refugee camp in the world and the fourth-largest city in Jordan. A robust economy has developed since it opened a year ago.

Photograph by Benjamin Rasmussen

The Zaatari refugee camp, home to thousands of Syrians fleeing the civil war, is now the second-largest refugee camp in the world and the fourth-largest city in Jordan. A robust economy has developed since it opened a year ago.

Photograph by Benjamin Rasmussen

Photostat: Syrian Refugees at Jordan's Zaatari Camp

The Zaatari refugee camp, home to thousands of Syrians fleeing the civil war, is now the second-largest refugee camp in the world and the fourth-largest city in Jordan. A robust economy has developed since it opened a year ago.

Photograph by Benjamin Rasmussen

The 120,000 residents receive blankets, a sleeping mat, a welcome meal, and a ration card. There are 11,000 tents and 16,000 caravans. The caravans—prefab homes—are donated by Gulf states, South Korea, and private and government donors.

Photograph by Benjamin Rasmussen

Abu Ali, known as the “Electricity Minister,” is part of the black market network of Syrian refugees that controls business and life in the camp.

Photograph by Benjamin Rasmussen

Number of communal kitchens constructed by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees: 760
Flatbread loaves provided daily by the UN World Food Programme: 500,000
Liters of water delivered daily: 3.8 million

Photograph by Michael Friberg

Left, Zeidan Abdullah Zeidan, 40, a former Syrian rebel fighter, runs a grocery store in the camp. Right, the box contains chips for sale.

Photograph by Michael Friberg

Left, a semipermanent cigarette stand. Right, a juice seller.

People who have returned to Syria via Jordan-supplied transportation since 2012: 60,000 (many come back to Jordan).
Syrian refugees gather around one of the four daily buses that leave from the Zaatari refugee camp and take people back to the border for free.

Photograph by Michael Friberg