It started as a sit-in, then erupted into full-blown protests across Turkey. Here are photos of the battlegrounds and flash points of the largest demonstrations the country has seen in a generation.

Pictured, a demonstrator waving a Turkish flag reacts to a dose of tear gas during the June 1 protests in Istanbul. Thousands protested plans to replace part of a well-known park with a shopping mall. More than that, they protested the heavy-handed politics of the regime of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

Photograph by Daniel Etter/Redux

It started as a sit-in, then erupted into full-blown protests across Turkey. Here are photos of the battlegrounds and flash points of the largest demonstrations the country has seen in a generation.

Pictured, a demonstrator waving a Turkish flag reacts to a dose of tear gas during the June 1 protests in Istanbul. Thousands protested plans to replace part of a well-known park with a shopping mall. More than that, they protested the heavy-handed politics of the regime of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

Photograph by Daniel Etter/Redux

Taksim: Turkey's Protest Epicenter

It started as a sit-in, then erupted into full-blown protests across Turkey. Here are photos of the battlegrounds and flash points of the largest demonstrations the country has seen in a generation.

Pictured, a demonstrator waving a Turkish flag reacts to a dose of tear gas during the June 1 protests in Istanbul. Thousands protested plans to replace part of a well-known park with a shopping mall. More than that, they protested the heavy-handed politics of the regime of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

Photograph by Daniel Etter/Redux

Police barriers knocked down by protesters in Taksim Square, the epicenter of the protests.

Photograph by Lorenzo Meloni/Contrasto/Redux

Inset, the Taksim military barracks. Built in 1806 in the grand Ottoman style, the barracks were turned into a soccer stadium, then demolished in 1920. The planned shopping mall that is supposed to replace part of Taksim's park will be a replica of the barracks—if it ever gets built.

Courtesy Istanbul Metropolian Municipality

At right, an undated photo of the Taksim barracks. The large parade ground made it easy to turn the barracks into a soccer stadium. At left is a digital rendering of the mall-as-barracks-replica that will border Taksim Gezi Park. The mall is partly responsible for the protests, since its planned construction inspired the peaceful sit-in of park lovers that the police broke up.

Courtesy Istanbul Metropolian Municipality

The Republic Monument, also in Taksim Square, in a 1944 photo. It portrays the founders of the republic, especially Turkey's first president, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. He was a hard-core secularist who took a dim view of religion in general.

Photograph by Maynard Owen Williams/National Geographic

The Republic Monument on June 1, 2013, enveloped by protesters. Thousands of demonstrators flooded the square as police lifted barricades around the park.

Photograph by Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Overview of Taksim Gezi Park, the green space, one of few in the city, that is to be turned into the Ottoman-style mall.

Photograph by Jengis Kojak/Alamy

Demonstrators in Taksim Gezi Park show their strength on June 2, 2013. Note the profusion of Turkish flags: The demonstrators feel they're fighting to preserve the more secular traditions of their country.

Photograph by Lorenzo Meloni/Contrasto/Redux