Perhaps the most intense hurricane ever to hit the U.S., Camille is the only one that sustained wind speeds of 190 mph. It also killed more people -- 256 -- than any hurricane other than Katrina in the past 50 years. The Mississippi coast was flattened, killing many who had refused to evacuate. Winds hurled rails and cross-ties from a bridge across Bay St. Louis, Miss., and Gulfport was nearly completely destroyed. All told, the damage was $9.3 billion in 2010 dollars. To the last, Camille packed a punch: As it petered out, the storm dumped 27 inches of rain on Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountains, causing flooding and landslides.
Above, Carl Wright, 11, drinks from a broken pipe amid the ruins of his father's service station in Gulfport, Miss., on Aug. 19, 1969, in the aftermath of Hurricane Camille. Fresh potable water was scarce following the storm, which battered the Gulf coast. Photographer: Jack Thornell/AP