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An Indian army convoy carrying reinforcements and supplies drive toward Leh on a highway bordering China in early September.

An Indian army convoy carrying reinforcements and supplies drive toward Leh on a highway bordering China in early September.

Photographer: Yawar Nazir/Getty Images

China Gained Ground on India During Bloody Summer in Himalayas

Both armies prepare for a long winter after battle lines were redrawn in months of tense fighting.

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As troops in the Himalayas hunker down for the brutal winter, the outcome of the worst clashes in decades is becoming clear: China has pushed further into territory once patrolled exclusively by India.

A summer of fighting saw India lose control over about 300 square kilometers (115 square miles) of land along the disputed mountainous terrain, according to Indian officials familiar with the situation. Chinese soldiers now prevent Indian patrols in the area, which is about five times the size of Manhattan.