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Central Banks

Bank of Canada Risks Falling Too Far Behind Fed, Scotia Says

Tiff Macklem, governor of the Bank of Canada.
Tiff Macklem, governor of the Bank of Canada.Photographer: David Kawai/Bloomberg

The Bank of Canada is limited in how much its interest rate increases can lag behind those of the Federal Reserve, with the gap threatening to weaken its currency and fuel inflation, according to an economist at Bank of Nova Scotia.

Canada’s central bank was able to tighten less than the Fed in previous cycles when core inflation north of the border was cooler — but that’s not the case right now, Derek Holt, head of capital markets economics, said in a note dated March 3. In Canada, inflation is still too hot, inflationary expectations are on the rise and the weakening loonie is flashing warning signs, he said.