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Since the Islamist militant group Hamas took control of Gaza in 2007, the small, overcrowded enclave has been the focal point in Israel’s conflict with the Palestinians. Thousands of Gazans have died in Israeli airstrikes provoked mostly by Hamas rocket attacks. Frequent power cuts, grinding poverty and the constant fear of more bombardment have left many Gazans dreaming of escape. That’s rarely an option: With movement in and out of the territory severely restricted, it’s been described by some rights activists as an open-air prison.