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UK Risks More Food Havoc on CO2 Cuts From Fertilizer Closure

  • CF Industries to close plant in Billingham, northeast England
  • Carbon dioxide is used in slaughtering, packaging, dry ice
A CF Industries Holdings Inc. fertilizer manufacturing complex.

A CF Industries Holdings Inc. fertilizer manufacturing complex.

Photographer: Anthony Devlin/Bloomberg
Updated on

Fertilizer producer CF Industries Holdings Inc. will halt ammonia production at its remaining UK plant in response to soaring natural gas prices, a move that could reduce carbon dioxide supply crucial to the food industry.

CF’s plant in Billingham, northeast England, is a main source of the UK’s CO2, which is used to stun pigs and chickens for slaughter, as well as in packaging to extend shelf life and for dry ice that keeps items frozen during delivery. Gas is the top input for most nitrogen fertilizer, including ammonia, and CO2 is a byproduct of the production process.