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India to Surpass China as Most-Populous Nation in 2023

  • UN had previously estimated India to cross milestone by 2027
  • Report pegs global population growth at 8.5 billion by 2030
Commuters exit the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus railway station in Mumbai, India.

Commuters exit the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus railway station in Mumbai, India.

Photographer: Dhiraj Singh/Bloomberg
Corrected

India is expected to surpass China to become the world’s most-populous nation in 2023, four years ahead of an earlier estimate by the United Nations.

The UN expects global population to hit 8 billion on Nov. 15 and grow to 8.5 billion by 2030. More than half the projected rise between now and 2050 is expected to be in just eight countries: Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania, according to a report titled World Population Prospects 2022.