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US Crackdown on Forced Labor in China Risks Further Supply Chaos

  • Measure targets Xinjiang; US keeps business waiting for detail
  • Just weeks before deadline importers lobby for softer approach
Pedestrians at the Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar in Urumqi, Xinjiang province.
Pedestrians at the Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar in Urumqi, Xinjiang province.Source: Bloomberg/Bloomberg
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Pandemic and war have upended American supply chains. The next shock may come from the US campaign against human-rights abuses in China.

A law due to take effect June 21 will bar imported goods partly or wholly made in the Chinese manufacturing hub of Xinjiang -- unless companies can prove the products have no ties to forced labor. Passed unanimously by Congress, and with strong support from unions and activists, it aims to make sure that there’s no place in the US economy for merchandise made by workers languishing in detention camps.