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How Six States Could Transform the U.S. Trucking Industry

California, Oregon, Washington, New York, New Jersey and Massachusetts are requiring a growing percentage of all medium- and heavy-duty trucks sold to be zero-emission starting in 2025.

Trucks enter and exit the Port of Los Angeles in California.

Trucks enter and exit the Port of Los Angeles in California.

Photographer: Bing Guan/Bloomberg

The U.S. trucking industry is set to be transformed by a handful of states adopting zero-emission vehicle requirements. 

Oregon, Washington, New York, New Jersey and Massachusetts followed California in approving the Advanced Clean Truck (ACT) rule late last year, requiring a growing percentage of all medium- and heavy-duty trucks sold to be zero-emission starting in 2025. Manufacturers must increase their zero-emission truck sales in those states to between 30 and 50 percent by 2030, and 40 and 75 percent by 2035.